Data collection, quality, and reporting

Section edited by Roberta Scherer

This section considers manuscripts that assess quality aspects of data collected in all types of medical research studies, including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, along with how the data are reported in published form.

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  1. Research article

    Evaluation of AMSTAR to assess the methodological quality of systematic reviews in overviews of reviews of healthcare interventions

    Overviews of reviews (overviews) compile information from multiple systematic reviews (SRs) to provide a single synthesis of relevant evidence for decision-making. It is recommended that authors assess and rep...

    Michelle Pollock, Ricardo M. Fernandes and Lisa Hartling

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:48

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Methods for conceptualising ‘visual ability’ as a measurable construct in children with cerebral palsy

    Vision influences functioning and disability of children with cerebral palsy, so there is a growing need for psychometrically robust tools to advance assessment of children’s vision abilities in clinical pract...

    Belinda Deramore Denver, Margareta Adolfsson, Elspeth Froude, Peter Rosenbaum and Christine Imms

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:46

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  3. Correspondence

    Implementation of clinical research trials using web-based and mobile devices: challenges and solutions

    With the increasing implementation of web-based, mobile health interventions in clinical trials, it is crucial for researchers to address the security and privacy concerns of patient information according to h...

    Roy Eagleson, Luis Altamirano-Diaz, Alex McInnis, Eva Welisch, Stefanie De Jesus, Harry Prapavessis, Meghan Rombeek, Jamie A. Seabrook, Teresa Park and Kambiz Norozi

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:43

    Published on: 17 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Assignment of adverse event indexing terms in randomized clinical trials involving spinal manipulative therapy: an audit of records in MEDLINE and EMBASE databases

    Reporting of adverse events in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) is encouraged by the authors of The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement. With robust methodological design and adequa...

    Lindsay M. Gorrell, Roger M. Engel, Reidar P. Lystad and Benjamin T. Brown

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:41

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  5. Research article

    AIMD - a validated, simplified framework of interventions to promote and integrate evidence into health practices, systems, and policies

    Proliferation of terms describing the science of effectively promoting and supporting the use of research evidence in healthcare policy and practice has hampered understanding and development of the field. To ...

    Peter Bragge, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Cynthia Lokker and Heather Colquhoun

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:38

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  6. Research article

    Leveraging the EHR4CR platform to support patient inclusion in academic studies: challenges and lessons learned

    The development of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) in hospitals offers the ability to reuse data from patient care activities for clinical research. EHR4CR is a European public-private partnership aiming to d...

    Yannick Girardeau, Justin Doods, Eric Zapletal, Gilles Chatellier, Christel Daniel, Anita Burgun, Martin Dugas and Bastien Rance

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:36

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  7. Research article

    Test-treatment RCTs are susceptible to bias: a review of the methodological quality of randomized trials that evaluate diagnostic tests

    There is a growing recognition for the need to expand our evidence base for the clinical effectiveness of diagnostic tests. Many international bodies are calling for diagnostic randomized controlled trials to ...

    Lavinia Ferrante di Ruffano, Jacqueline Dinnes, Alice J. Sitch, Chris Hyde and Jonathan J. Deeks

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:35

    Published on: 24 February 2017

  8. Research article

    Research waste in diagnostic trials: a methods review evaluating the reporting of test-treatment interventions

    The most rigorous method for evaluating the effectiveness of diagnostic tests is through randomised trials that compare test-treatment interventions: complex interventions comprising episodes of testing, decis...

    Lavinia Ferrante di Ruffano, Jacqueline Dinnes, Sian Taylor-Phillips, Clare Davenport, Chris Hyde and Jonathan J. Deeks

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:32

    Published on: 24 February 2017

  9. Research article

    Participant retention practices in longitudinal clinical research studies with high retention rates

    There is a need for improving cohort retention in longitudinal studies. Our objective was to identify cohort retention strategies and implementation approaches used in studies with high retention rates.

    Martha Abshire, Victor D. Dinglas, Maan Isabella A. Cajita, Michelle N. Eakin, Dale M. Needham and Cheryl Dennison Himmelfarb

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:30

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  10. Research article

    Generating evidence on a risk-based monitoring approach in the academic setting – lessons learned

    In spite of efforts to employ risk-based strategies to increase monitoring efficiency in the academic setting, empirical evidence on their effectiveness remains sparse. This mixed-methods study aimed to evalua...

    Belinda von Niederhäusern, Annette Orleth, Sabine Schädelin, Nawal Rawi, Martin Velkopolszky, Claudia Becherer, Pascal Benkert, Priya Satalkar, Matthias Briel and Christiane Pauli-Magnus

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:26

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  11. Research article

    Motivations for (non)participation in population-based health studies among the elderly – comparison of participants and nonparticipants of a prospective study on influenza vaccination

    Participation in epidemiological studies has strongly declined in recent years. We examined the reasons for (non)participation in population-based health studies among participants and nonparticipants of a pro...

    Manas K. Akmatov, Leonhard Jentsch, Peggy Riese, Marcus May, Malik W. Ahmed, Damaris Werner, Anja Rösel, Jana Prokein, Inga Bernemann, Norman Klopp, Blair Prochnow, Thomas Illig, Christoph Schindler, Carlos A. Guzman and Frank Pessler

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:18

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  12. Research article

    Assessing and adjusting for non-response in the Millennium Cohort Family Study

    In conducting population-based surveys, it is important to thoroughly examine and adjust for potential non-response bias to improve the representativeness of the sample prior to conducting analyses of the data...

    Nida H. Corry, Christianna S. Williams, Mike Battaglia, Hope Seib McMaster and Valerie A. Stander

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:16

    Published on: 28 January 2017

  13. Research article

    Measuring health-related quality of life in cervical cancer patients: a systematic review of the most used questionnaires and their validity

    Data on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is paramount for shared and evidence based decision-making. Since an overview of cervical cancer HRQoL tools and their validity appears to be lacking, we performe...

    Casper Tax, Marlie E. Steenbergen, Petra L. M. Zusterzeel, Ruud L. M. Bekkers and Maroeska M. Rovers

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:15

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  14. Research article

    ImpRess: an Implementation Readiness checklist developed using a systematic review of randomised controlled trials assessing cognitive stimulation for dementia

    Research reporting results of clinical trials, psychosocial or technological interventions frequently omit critical details needed to inform implementation in practice. The aim of this article is to develop an...

    Amy Streater, Aimee Spector, Elisa Aguirre, Jacki Stansfeld and Martin Orrell

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:167

    Published on: 1 December 2016

  15. Research article

    Common data elements for secondary use of electronic health record data for clinical trial execution and serious adverse event reporting

    Data capture is one of the most expensive phases during the conduct of a clinical trial and the increasing use of electronic health records (EHR) offers significant savings to clinical research. To facilitate ...

    Philipp Bruland, Mark McGilchrist, Eric Zapletal, Dionisio Acosta, Johann Proeve, Scott Askin, Thomas Ganslandt, Justin Doods and Martin Dugas

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:159

    Published on: 22 November 2016

  16. Research article

    Optimizing literature search in systematic reviews – are MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL enough for identifying effect studies within the area of musculoskeletal disorders?

    When conducting systematic reviews, it is essential to perform a comprehensive literature search to identify all published studies relevant to the specific research question. The Cochrane Collaborations Method...

    Thomas Aagaard, Hans Lund and Carsten Juhl

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:161

    Published on: 22 November 2016

  17. Research article

    Does size really matter? A sensitivity analysis of number of seeds in a respondent-driven sampling study of gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men in Vancouver, Canada

    Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) is an increasingly used peer chain-recruitment method to sample “hard-to-reach” populations for whom there are no reliable sampling frames. Implementation success of RDS varies...

    Nathan John Lachowsky, Justin Tyler Sorge, Henry Fisher Raymond, Zishan Cui, Paul Sereda, Ashleigh Rich, Eric A. Roth, Robert S. Hogg and David M. Moore

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:157

    Published on: 16 November 2016

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