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  1. Research article

    Impact of communities, health, and emotional-related factors on smoking use: comparison of joint modeling of mean and dispersion and Bayes’ hierarchical models on add health survey

    The analysis of correlated binary data is commonly addressed through the use of conditional models with random effects included in the systematic component as opposed to generalized estimating equations (GEE) ...

    Jie Pu, Di Fang and Jeffrey R. Wilson

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:20

    Published on: 3 February 2017

  2. Research article

    Motivations for (non)participation in population-based health studies among the elderly – comparison of participants and nonparticipants of a prospective study on influenza vaccination

    Participation in epidemiological studies has strongly declined in recent years. We examined the reasons for (non)participation in population-based health studies among participants and nonparticipants of a pro...

    Manas K. Akmatov, Leonhard Jentsch, Peggy Riese, Marcus May, Malik W. Ahmed, Damaris Werner, Anja Rösel, Jana Prokein, Inga Bernemann, Norman Klopp, Blair Prochnow, Thomas Illig, Christoph Schindler, Carlos A. Guzman and Frank Pessler

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:18

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  3. Research article

    Evaluation of biases present in the cohort multiple randomised controlled trial design: a simulation study

    The cohort multiple randomised controlled trial (cmRCT) design provides an opportunity to incorporate the benefits of randomisation within clinical practice; thus reducing costs, integrating electronic healthc...

    Jane Candlish, Alexander Pate, Matthew Sperrin and Tjeerd van Staa

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:17

    Published on: 31 January 2017

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:47

  4. Research article

    Assessing and adjusting for non-response in the Millennium Cohort Family Study

    In conducting population-based surveys, it is important to thoroughly examine and adjust for potential non-response bias to improve the representativeness of the sample prior to conducting analyses of the data...

    Nida H. Corry, Christianna S. Williams, Mike Battaglia, Hope Seib McMaster and Valerie A. Stander

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:16

    Published on: 28 January 2017

  5. Research article

    Measuring health-related quality of life in cervical cancer patients: a systematic review of the most used questionnaires and their validity

    Data on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is paramount for shared and evidence based decision-making. Since an overview of cervical cancer HRQoL tools and their validity appears to be lacking, we performe...

    Casper Tax, Marlie E. Steenbergen, Petra L. M. Zusterzeel, Ruud L. M. Bekkers and Maroeska M. Rovers

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:15

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  6. Research article

    Estimating the size of the homeless adolescent population across seven cities in Cambodia

    The Government of Cambodia has committed to supporting family care for vulnerable children, including homeless populations. Collecting baseline data on the numbers and characteristics of homeless adolescents w...

    Lindsay Stark, Beth L. Rubenstein, Kimchoeun Pak, Rosemary Taing, Gary Yu, Sok Kosal and Leslie Roberts

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:13

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  7. Research article

    Psychometric analysis of the brief symptom inventory 18 (BSI-18) in a representative German sample

    The BSI-18 contains the three six-item scales somatization, depression, and anxiety as well as the Global Severity Index (GSI), including all 18 items. The BSI-18 is the latest and shortest of the multidimensi...

    Gabriele Helga Franke, Susanne Jaeger, Heide Glaesmer, Claus Barkmann, Katja Petrowski and Elmar Braehler

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:14

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  8. Research article

    Multiple triangulation and collaborative research using qualitative methods to explore decision making in pre-hospital emergency care

    Paramedics make important and increasingly complex decisions at scene about patient care. Patient safety implications of influences on decision making in the pre-hospital setting were previously under-research...

    Maxine Johnson, Rachel O’Hara, Enid Hirst, Andrew Weyman, Janette Turner, Suzanne Mason, Tom Quinn, Jane Shewan and A. Niroshan Siriwardena

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:11

    Published on: 24 January 2017

  9. Research Article

    Estimating a population cumulative incidence under calendar time trends

    The risk of a disease or psychiatric disorder is frequently measured by the age-specific cumulative incidence. Cumulative incidence estimates are often derived in cohort studies with individuals recruited over...

    Stefan N. Hansen, Morten Overgaard, Per K. Andersen and Erik T. Parner

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:7

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  10. Research article

    Centralising and optimising decentralised stroke care systems: a simulation study on short-term costs and effects

    Centralisation of thrombolysis may offer substantial benefits. The aim of this study was to assess short term costs and effects of centralisation of thrombolysis and optimised care in a decentralised system.

    Maarten M. H. Lahr, Durk-Jouke van der Zee, Gert-Jan Luijckx, Patrick C. A. J. Vroomen and Erik Buskens

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:5

    Published on: 10 January 2017

  11. Research article

    G-computation of average treatment effects on the treated and the untreated

    Average treatment effects on the treated (ATT) and the untreated (ATU) are useful when there is interest in: the evaluation of the effects of treatments or interventions on those who received them, the presenc...

    Aolin Wang, Roch A. Nianogo and Onyebuchi A. Arah

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:3

    Published on: 9 January 2017

  12. Research article

    Outcome-sensitive multiple imputation: a simulation study

    Multiple imputation is frequently used to deal with missing data in healthcare research. Although it is known that the outcome should be included in the imputation model when imputing missing covariate values,...

    Evangelos Kontopantelis, Ian R. White, Matthew Sperrin and Iain Buchan

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:2

    Published on: 9 January 2017

  13. Research article

    Clinical prediction in defined populations: a simulation study investigating when and how to aggregate existing models

    Clinical prediction models (CPMs) are increasingly deployed to support healthcare decisions but they are derived inconsistently, in part due to limited data. An emerging alternative is to aggregate existing CP...

    Glen P. Martin, Mamas A. Mamas, Niels Peek, Iain Buchan and Matthew Sperrin

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2017 17:1

    Published on: 6 January 2017

  14. Research article

    Can longitudinal generalized estimating equation models distinguish network influence and homophily? An agent-based modeling approach to measurement characteristics

    Connected individuals (or nodes) in a network are more likely to be similar than two randomly selected nodes due to homophily and/or network influence. Distinguishing between these two influences is an importa...

    Kori Sauser Zachrison, Theodore J. Iwashyna, Achamyeleh Gebremariam, Meghan Hutchins and Joyce M Lee

    BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016 16:174

    Published on: 28 December 2016

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