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Table 2 Frequency of description of each PICOT element

From: Association between framing of the research question using the PICOT format and reporting quality of randomized controlled trials

  All articles n = 89
Element of the research question n % 95% CI
P: Patients 73 82 74 - 90
I: Intervention 83 93 88 - 98
C: Comparator 47 52 42 - 63
O: Outcome 65 73 63 - 82
T: Time 26 29 19- 38
Complete PICOT 16 18 10 - 27
Complete PICO 30 33 24 - 44
  1. CI: Confidence interval