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Table 1 Estimation of hazard ratio (H.R), 95% confidence interval (C.I), and p-value from the Cox cause-specific and subdistribution hazards models of time from the diabetic diagnosis to ESRD and to death without ESRD

From: Methods of competing risks analysis of end-stage renal disease and mortality among people with diabetes

Competing Risk Model Covariate H.R 95% C.I p-value
ESRD   Male 1.513 1.146 - 1.998 0.004
  Cox     
  cause-specific Age < 40 - - -
  hazards model 40 < Age < 6 1.149 0.849 - 1.554 0.368
   60 < Age 1.405 0.891 - 2.215 0.144
  ----------- ----------- ------ ----------- -----
  Cox Male 1.323 1.006 - 1.742 0.045
  subdistribution     
  hazards model Age < 40 - - -
   40 < Age < 60 0.923 0.685 - 1.243 0.6
   60 < Age 0.53 0.335 - 0.838 0.007
Death without ESRD      
  Cox Male 1.377 1.243 - 1.525 < 0.0001
  cause-specific     
  hazards model Age < 40 - - -
   40 < Age < 60 2.68 2.267 - 3.158 < 0.0001
   60 < Age 10.23 8.653 - 12.09 < 0.0001
  ------------ ------------ ------ ------------ ------
  Cox Male 1.36 1.226 - 1.498 < 0.0001
  subdistribution     
  hazards model Age < 40 - - -
   40 < Age < 60 2.65 2.248 - 3.126 < 0.0001
   60 < Age 9.96 8.453 - 11.74 < 0.0001