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Table 5 Differences in ratings of route environments by subgroups of advertisement-recruited participants

From: Bikeability and methodological issues using the active commuting route environment scale (ACRES) in a metropolitan setting

  Inner urban: Difference: Only I* and Both I&S* Suburban: Difference: Only S* and Both I&S
  Women Men Women Men
Item Mean ± SEd** p-value Mean ± SEd p-value Mean ± SEd p-value Mean ± SEd p-value
1. On the whole 0.24 ± 0.32 0.439 -0.02 ± 0.44 0.965 0.38 ± 0.22 0.081 -0.01 ± 0.28 0.981
2. Hinders or stimulates 0.39 ± 0.32 0.230 0.24 ± 0.40 0.554 0.45 ± 0.22 0.038 0.27 ± 0.29 0.359
3. Exhaust fumes -0.28 ± 0.28 0.318 1.12 ± 0.41 0.006 -1.06 ± 0.27 0.000 -0.01 ± 0.34 0.981
4. Noise -0.45 ± 0.27 0.099 1.05 ± 0.39 0.008 -1.09 ± 0.28 0.000 -0.05 ± 0.33 0.872
5. Flow of motor vehicles -0.09 ± 0.29 0.749 0.70 ± 0.39 0.073 -1.19 ± 0.31 0.000 -0.32 ± 0.38 0.405
6. Speeds of motor vehicles 0.42 ± 0.25 0.098 0.18 ± 0.36 0.629 -1.18 ± 0.25 0.000 -0.65 ± 0.31 0.036
7. Speeds of bicyclists -0.03 ± 0.24 0.899 1.01 ± 0.37 0.006 -1.28 ± 0.20 0.000 -0.25 ± 0.23 0.270
8. Congestion: all types of vehicles -0.40 ± 0.29 0.173 0.66 ± 0.38 0.082 -1.38 ± 0.27 0.000 0.23 ± 0.32 0.479
9. Congestion: bicyclists -0.30 ± 0.32 0.358 -0.44 ± 0.51 0.381 -2.42 ± 0.26 0.000 -1.49 ± 0.29 0.000
10. Conflicts -0.33 ± 0.34 0.337 0.52 ± 0.48 0.287 -0.95 ± 0.27 0.001 -0.16 ± 0.36 0.654
11. Bicycle paths*** -0.93 ± 0.26 0.000 -1.15 ± 0.37 0.002 -1.01 ± 0.20 0.000 -1.24 ± 0.27 0.000
12. Traffic: unsafe or safe 0.43 ± 0.35 0.218 0.13 ± 0.47 0.781 0.32 ± 0.23 0.173 -0.09 ± 0.29 0.749
13. Greenery 0.33 ± 0.38 0.378 0.61 ± 0.51 0.226 1.08 ± 0.24 0.000 0.56 ± 0.30 0.065
14. Ugly or beautiful 0.73 ± 0.31 0.017 0.84 ± 0.42 0.044 0.53 ± 0.22 0.018 0.32 ± 0.29 0.280
15. Course of the route -0.72 ± 0.34 0.033 -0.19 ± 0.52 0.715 -0.68 ± 0.27 0.011 -0.29 ± 0.35 0.405
16. Hilliness -0.39 ± 0.33 0.236 0.49 ± 0.45 0.282 -0.83 ± 0.31 0.007 -0.31 ± 0.39 0.435
17. Red lights -0.19 ± 0.39 0.632 1.02 ± 0.50 0.043 -0.36 ± 0.27 0.176 -0.60 ± 0.34 0.085
18. Short or long -1.52 ± 0.26 0.000 -1.43 ± 0.35 0.000 -1.32 ± 0.24 0.000 -0.77 ± 0.29 0.008
  1. *Both I&S = those who bicycle-commuted in both the inner urban and suburban areas, Only I = those who bicycle-commuted in only the inner urban area and Only S = those who bicycle-commuted in only the suburban area.
  2. **SEd = standard error of difference.
  3. ***Minimal value = 0 and maximal value = 10.