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Table 3 Factor loadings, uniquenesses and intercepts of the CES-D for both samples

From: Measurement invariance of the center for epidemiological studies depression scale (CES-D) among chinese and dutch elderly

  Items Unstandardized loadings Standardized loadings Unstandardized intercepts Standardized intercepts Unstandardized uniquenesses Standardized uniquenesses
   Chinese - Dutch Chinese - Dutch Chinese - Dutch Chinese - Dutch Chinese - Dutch Chinese - Dutch
SOM Bothered (1.00 - 1.00) (0.55 - 0.55) (0.69 - 0.69) (0.86 - 0.86) (0.45 - 0.45) (0.70 - 0.70)
  Appetite (1.03 - 1.03) (0.60 - 0.60) (0.56 - 0.56) (0.74 - 0.74) (0.37 - 0.37) (0.64 - 0.64)
  Mind (1.18 - 1.18) (0.64 - 0.64) (0.78 - 0.78) (0.95 - 0.95) (0.39 - 0.39) (0.59 - 0.59)
  Effort (1.29 - 1.29) (0.67 - 0.67) (0.81 - 0.80) (0.95 - 0.95) (0.40 - 0.40) (0.55 - 0.55)
  Sleep (1.07 - 1.07) (0.53 - 0.53) (0.88 - 0.88) (0.98 - 0.98) (0.57 - 0.57) (0.72 - 0.72)
  Talk (1.02 - 1.02) (0.54 - 0.54) (0.74 - 0.74) (0.87 - 0.87) (0.51 - 0.51) (0.71 - 0.71)
  Get Going (1.26 - 1.26) (0.68 - 0.68) (0.70 - 0.70) (0.85 - 0.85) (0.37 - 0.37) (0.54 - 0.54)
DEP Blues (1.00 - 1.00) (0.69 - 0.69) (0.52 - 0.52) (0.70 - 0.70) (0.29 - 0.29) (0.53 - 0.53)
  Depressed (1.13 - 1.13) (0.75 - 0.75) (0.55 - 0.55) (0.72 - 0.72) 0.30 - 0.13 0.51 - 0.22
  Failure (0.82 - 0.82) (0.60 - 0.60) 0.57 - 0.30 0.80 - 0.43 0.41 - 0.09 0.83 - 0.17
  Fearful (0.91 - 0.91) (0.67 - 0.67) (0.42 - 0.42) (0.61 - 0.61) 0.31 - 0.14 0.64 - 0.29
  Lonely (1.11 - 1.11) (0.73 - 0.73) (0.57 - 0.57) (0.73 - 0.73) (0.29 - 0.29) (0.47 - 0.47)
  Crying (0.92 - 0.92) (0.68 - 0.68) (0.50 - 0.50) (0.70 - 0.70) (0.27 - 0.27) (0.54 - 0.54)
  Sad (1.06 - 1.06) (0.74 - 0.74) (0.56 - 0.56) (0.76 - 0.76) (0.24 - 0.24) (0.45 - 0.45)
POS Good (1.00 - 1.00) (0.32 - 0.32) 1.54 - 0.68 1.41 - 0.62 1.20 - 0.72 1.01 - 0.60
  Hopeful (1.66 - 1.66) (0.54 - 0.54) (1.36 - 1.36) (1.28 - 1.28) (0.81 - 0.81) (0.71 - 0.71)
  Happy (2.30 - 2.30) (0.82 - 0.82) (1.16 - 1.16) (1.18 - 1.18) (0.32 - 0.32) (0.33 - 0.33)
  Enjoyed (2.29 - 2.29) (0.81 - 0.81) (1.08 - 1.08) (1.11 - 1.11) (0.32 - 0.32) (0.34 - 0.34)
INT Unfriendly (1.00 - 1.00) (0.75 - 0.75) (0.44 - 0.44) (0.66 - 0.66) (0.19 - 0.19) (0.44 - 0.44)
  Dislike (0.94 - 0.94) (0.73 - 0.73) (0.41 - 0.41) (0.64 - 0.64) 0.23 - 0.08 0.57 - 0.19
  1. Note. SOM = Somatic complaints, DEP = Depressive affect, POS = Positive affect, INT = Interpersonal problems. A bracketed value means that the equality restriction held for the Chinese and Dutch sample. Non-bracketed values indicate that the invariance constraint was lifted for that item.