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Table 2 Participant Demographics by language of Edinburgh Claudication Questionnaire

From: Validation of the Edinburgh Claudication Questionnaire in 1st generation Black African-Caribbean and South Asian UK migrants: A sub-study to the Ethnic-Echocardiographic Heart of England Screening (E-ECHOES) study

Variable English* (±SD) [IQR]
n = 37
Punjabi (±SD) [IQR]
n = 37
Bangladeshi (±SD) [IQR]
n = 20
p-value
Age (years) 67 (9) 66 (13) 64 (9) 0.577
% Male 55.9 41.7 66.7 0.192
% Illiteracy 0 45.9 50 <0.0001
Age of leaving school 16 [15-17] 15 [9-17] 11 [8-15]> 0.648
% Higher education 2.7 2.7 5 0.874
% ABPI <0.9 32.4 16.6 20 0.237
% IC 16.2 8.1 5.0 0.345
ABPI 0.95 1.03 0.98 0.155
Diabetes mellitus (%) 65.4 34.5 58.8 0.062
Hypertension (%) 73.9 60 70.6 0.532
Ever Smoker (%) 61.1 40.5 57.9 0.182
Current Smoker (%) 14.8 20.6 10.5 0.616
Coronary artery disease (%) 37 28.1 52.6 0.216
Cerebrovascular disease (%) 24.1 9.4 11.8 0.251
Body Mass Index 30.4 (5.5) 28.2 (5.4) 28.2 (4.3) 0.271
Waist circumference (cm) 92.6 (14.8) 94 (13.9) 97.4 (11.5) 0.488
  1. SD: standard deviation; ABPI: ankle brachial pressure index; IC: intermittent claudication; * 1st Generation Black Caribbean UK migrants. Data presented as mean (SD) or percentage.