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Table 3 Multilevel linear regression models: associations between independent variables and patient-reported experience scales

From: The association between survey timing and patient-reported experiences with hospitals: results of a national postal survey

  Doctor services Nursing services Information about examinations Organization Hospital and equipment Contact with next of kin
  Beta p Beta p Beta p Beta p Beta p Beta p
Survey time -0.424 * -0.330 ns -0.566 * -0.528 * -0.276 ns -0.497 ns
Response time -1.21 *** -1.21 *** -1.04 *** -0.858 *** -0.644 ** -0.432 ns
Male (vs. female) 0.090 ns 0.808 *** 0.038 ns 0.406 ns 0.411 * 0.496 ns
Age 1.89 *** 1.25 *** 1.79 *** 1.67 *** 1.03 *** 2.41 ***
Self-perceived health -4.01 *** -3.44 *** -4.70 *** -3.63 *** -2.66 *** -3.64 ***
Education (vs. primary school):             
Upper secondary school 0.221 ns -0.152 ns -0.334 ns -0.588 * -0.533 * -0.252 ns
University/college for < 4 years -0.239 ns -0.691 *** -0.589 * -1.72 *** -1.46 *** -0.592 ns
University/college for ≥ 4 years -0.045 ns -0.613 ** -0.405 ns -1.80 *** -0.772 *** -0.697 *
Routine admission (vs. emergency) 1.48 *** 0.844 *** 2.36 *** 2.49 *** 0.455 * 0.875 **
Number of admissions in the previous 2 years -0.775 *** -0.793 *** -0.230 ns -0.473 * -0.656 ** -0.543 *
  1. ***p < 0.001; **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05; ns, not significant