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Table 2 Frequency distribution of causes of death from VA and hospital records

From: Validity of verbal autopsy method to determine causes of death among adults in the urban setting of Ethiopia

Cause of Death Selected VA deceased adults (n = 335)* Selected hospital adult deaths (n = 335)* Actual VA diagnoses [10]
  Number % ( 95% CI) Number % (95% CI) % (95% CI)
Communicable Diseases
HIV/AIDS 97 29 (24–34) 69 21(16–25) 19 (17.8–20.3)
Tuberculosis 77 23 (18–28) 48 14 (11–18) 12 (11.3–13.5)
Respiratory Tract Infections 14 4 (2–6) 14 4 (2–6) 3 (2.2–3.3)
Meningitis 7 2 (0.5–4) 7 2 (0.5–4) 1
Non Communicable Diseases
Malignant neoplasm 28 8 (5–11) 28 8 (5–11) 10 (9.4–11.3)
Diabetes Mellitus 15 4 (2–7) 14 4 (2–7) 5 (4.2–5.6)
Cardiovascular diseases 75 22 (18–27) 83 25 (20–29) 24 (22.5–25.2)
 Hypertension 38 11(8–15) 22 7 (4–9) 12 (10.5–12.5)
 Stroke 33 10 (7–13) 25 7 (5–10) 11(9.9–11.9)
Respiratory diseases 7 2 (0.5–4) 17 5 (3–7) 3 (2.5–3.6)
Digestive Diseases 34 10 (7–13) 36 11(7–14) 9 (7.9–9.7)
 Chronic Liver Disease 17 5 (3–7) 12 4 (2–6) 4 (3.8–5.1)
 Peptic Ulcer Disease 2 1 5 2(1–4) 1
Genitourinary Diseases 12 4 (2–6) 8 2 (1–4) 4 (3.1–4.3)
Injuries
Unintentional 21 6 (4–9) 14 4 (2–6) 3 (2.2–3.3)
 Road traffic accidents 17 4(3–7) 14 2(2–6) 2
Intentional (Suicide…) 2 1 2 1 2
Undetermined 10 3 (1–5) 2 1 7 (6.0–7.7)
Total 335 100 335 100 100
  1. *Total may not be exactly 335 because multiple causes of death used in the verbal autopsy and hospital diagnosis.