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Table 2 Methods of collecting injurious falls data

From: Definitions and methods of measuring and reporting on injurious falls in randomised controlled fall prevention trials: a systematic review

Ref. Prospective Retrospective Medical record
  Method Recording Reporting   
Fracture definition
[40] Calendar daily not specified - Radiological
[44] Calendar weekly not specified Postal Questionnaire -
[41] Diary after fall every three weeks - Hospital, Other4
[45] Calendar daily monthly Phone1,2 -
[42] Diary daily Every two month Phone3 Radiological
[43] Calendar daily monthly Phone1,2 Radiological
AIS definition
[46] not specified daily after fall - Hospital
[47] - - - - Hospital
[48] Diary daily monthly Phone3 -
FICSIT definition
[56] Calendar daily monthly Phone1,2 -
[57] Calendar daily monthly Phone3 Hospital, Other4
[58] - - - - Hospital, Radiological, Other4
[59] Calendar daily monthly Phone1,2 -
Campbell et al. Definition
[36] Calendar daily monthly Phone1,2 Hospital
[60] Calendar daily monthly Phone1,2 Hospital
[38] Calendar daily monthly Phone2 Other4
[37] Calendar daily monthly Phone1,2 -
[61] Calendar daily monthly Phone2 Hospital, Other4
[39] Calendar daily monthly Phone1,2 -
Health care use definition
[71] - - - - Hospital, Other
[70] Diary daily monthly Phone1,2 -
[72] Calendar weekly monthly Phone1,2 -
[73] Calendar daily monthly Phone3 -
[74] - - - Phone3 -
[75] Diary daily After 3,6 and twelve month Phone3 -
[76] Diary daily monthly Phone3 Hospital
Other definitions
[50] - - - Phone1, Postal Questionnaire -
[49] Calendar daily monthly Phone1,2 -
[51] Postcard weekly monthly Phone1 -
[52] - - - - Hospital, Radiological, Other4
[53] Diary daily monthly - -
[54] Calendar daily monthly Phone1,2 -
[55] Calendar daily monthly Phone3 -
[62] Diary daily monthly Phone2,3 -
[63] Calendar daily monthly - Radiological
[64] Calendar, Postcard daily every three month, after fall Phone2, 3 -
[65] - - - Phone3 Hospital, Other4
[66] Calendar daily every three month - Hospital, Other4
[67] Diary daily every two weeks Phone1 -
[68] Calendar daily monthly - -
[69] Postcard - monthly Phone1 -
Method applied in n (%5)of studies: Calendar:
n = 22 (54%)
Postcard:
n = 3 (7%)
Diary:
n = 9 (22%)
not specified:
n = 1 (2%)
not applied (-):
n = 7 (17%)
daily:
n = 29 (71%)
weekly:
n = 3 (7%)
after fall:
n = 1 (2%)
not applied (-): n = 8 (20%)
weekly:
n = 2 (5%)
monthly:
n = 29 (71%)
after fall:
n = 2 (5%)
not specified:
n = 2 (5%)
not applied (-): n = 7 (17%)
Phone: n = 29 (71%)
Postal Questionnaire: n = 2 (5%)
not applied(-): n = 11 (27%)
Radiological:
n = 6 (15%)
Hospital:
n = 13 (32%)
Other:
n = 9 (22%)
not applied (-):
n = 23(56%)
  1. Given are the methods of collecting injurious falls data in the articles included in the review. n = number of studies; AIS = Abbreviated Injury Scale; FICSIT = Frailty and Injuries: Cooperative Studies of Intervention Techniques
  2. 1if calendar, diary, or postcard not returned; 2following occurrence of a fall; 3regular phone call; 4records from nursing homes, physicians or emergency departments; 5calculation of percentages: number of articles used a specific method/total number of articles * 100, percentages may sum up to more than 100 percent as some studies used multiple methods