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Table 4 Methods of summarising injurious fall outcomes

From: Definitions and methods of measuring and reporting on injurious falls in randomised controlled fall prevention trials: a systematic review

Data reported Articles n (%) Reference
Number of participants sustaining injurious falls 17 (41%) [36, 38, 40, 41, 47, 51, 53, 55, 59, 63, 6567, 70, 72, 73, 76]
   Sustaining medical care falls 5 (12%) [53, 59, 69, 74, 75]
   Sustaining fracture falls 11 (27%) [4044, 46, 47, 53, 55, 69, 75]
Number of injurious falls 17 (41%) [43, 46, 48, 49, 52, 54, 55, 58, 59, 61, 63, 64, 67, 68, 71, 73, 76]
   Medical care falls 11 (27%) [38, 39, 56, 59, 61, 64, 66, 68, 7476]
   Fracture falls 11 (27%) [40, 42, 43, 45, 52, 58, 62, 64, 67, 71, 76]
   Falls requiring hospital admission 3 (7%) [58, 59, 64]
Injury rate 4 (10%) [40, 52, 54, 65]
Injurious fall rates 8 (20%) [3739, 56, 58, 6163]
   Mean number of injurious falls per participants 5 (12%) [37, 40, 49, 63, 67]
   Injurious falls/person time 11 (27%) [40]1 ,[54]1, [62]5, [38]4,[61]2,[63]4,[68]4,[58]4,[52]4,[2]2,[39]4
Serious injury/person time 3 (7%) [37, 38, 63]2
   Moderate injury/person time 2 (5%) [37, 38]2
   Medical care falls/person time 1 (2%) [56, 68]4
   Soft tissue/person time 1 (2%) [52]1
   Hip fracture/person time 2 (5%) [40, 52]1
   Other fracture/person time 2 (5%) [40, 52]1
Time to injurious fall event 4 (10%) [43, 48, 57, 76]
  1. Methods of fall documentation used in the articles. n = number of studies; calculation of percentages: number of articles used a specific method/total number of articles * 100; 1number/1000 persons year; 2number/persons year; 3number/10 persons year; 4number/100 persons year