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Table 6 Standardized system for categorizing and defining fall-related injuries

From: Definitions and methods of measuring and reporting on injurious falls in randomised controlled fall prevention trials: a systematic review



a - serious injury

medically recorded fracture, head or internal injury requiring accident and emergency or inpatient treatment

b - moderate injury

wounds, bruises, sprains, cuts requiring a medical/health professional examination such as physical examination, x-ray, suture

c - minor injury

minor bruises or abrasions not requiring health professional assistance; reduction in physical function (e.g. due to pain, fear of falling) for at least three days.

d - no injury

no physical injury detected