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Table 6 Standardized system for categorizing and defining fall-related injuries

From: Definitions and methods of measuring and reporting on injurious falls in randomised controlled fall prevention trials: a systematic review

Category Definition
a - serious injury medically recorded fracture, head or internal injury requiring accident and emergency or inpatient treatment
b - moderate injury wounds, bruises, sprains, cuts requiring a medical/health professional examination such as physical examination, x-ray, suture
c - minor injury minor bruises or abrasions not requiring health professional assistance; reduction in physical function (e.g. due to pain, fear of falling) for at least three days.
d - no injury no physical injury detected