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Table 4 Prevalence of socio-demographic characteristics of household respondents

From: Parental compliance - an emerging problem in Liverpool community child health surveys 1991-2006

Study characteristics 1991 1993 1998 2006 P value*
Mean child age 7.6±1.9(1157) 7.6±(2217) 8.1±1.8(1778) 7.1±2.1(983) <0.001
Townsend quartiles
(Upper quartile +4 to +12)
92.6(1080) 93.3(2174) 92.0(1806) 90.8(657) 0.409
Mean Townsend score 5.50(1080) 5.48(2174) 5.23(1806) 5.26(657) 0.552
Single parent NA NA 33.7(1862) 35.9(885) 0.302
Maternal smoking during pregnancy NA 36.5(3581) 34.8(1874) 28.0(958) 0.004
Paternal smoking during pregnancy NA 49.6(2926) 45.3(1294) 37.9(763) <0.001
Household smoking 64.6(1151) 60.0(2326) 58.3(1924) 44.0(944) <0.001
Mother employed 36.6(1075) 38.3(2229) 49.9(1841) 49.0(986) 0.001
Father employed 66.4(921) 60.6(1913) 73.5(1514) 59.2(873) 0.054
Duration of residence at present address ≥3 years 75.9(1171) 73.1(2368) 72.4(1022) 71.9(888) 0.256
Dampness at home 12.0(1109) 14.0(2144) 15.3(1058) 9.3(868) 0.323
  1. Brackets: sample size.
  2. NA: data not available.
  3. *Analysis of variance.