|Domain||Criteria explanation||Indicative questions|
|Rigour in research conduct||Judgement on how carefully the research is carried out; tends to be a judgement of reporting quality||
Is the research question clearly defined?|
Rationale for the study design discussed?
Is a sampling strategy well defined and justified?
Is the method of data collection clearly described?
|Study context||A detailed description is needed to judge wider applicability of the findings; refers to transferability||
Detailed description of the context of the study to allow assessment of applicability to other settings?|
Discussion of limits to wider inference?
|Analysis procedure||An important component of rigour and reliability||Is the method of analysis clearly described?|
|Credibility||Judgement on how well the findings are presented and how meaningful or believable they are||
How credible are the findings?|
Are the claims made supported by sufficient evidence?
|Depth, detail & richness of findings||An indication of the quality of the analysis which underlies credibility claims||
E.g. “thick vs. thin description”?|
Illumination of multiple perspectives/contribution of sample design?
Detection of underlying factors/influences or conceptual linkages?
Presentation of illuminating extracts/observations?
|Contribution to knowledge||Judgement on the relevance and potential utility of the findings in relation to policy, practice or theory||
Clear discussion of how the research findings contribute to:|
Understanding of uptake of malaria preventive interventions by pregnant women?; theoretical conceptions of uptake of malaria preventive interventions in pregnancy?
New areas of investigation identified?