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Table 5 Sociometric characteristics of participants who responded to the custom research company hired at the fourth TRAILS measurement wave (T4-easy-to-recruit), participants who responded after extra recruitment effort of the TRAILS research team (T4-hard-to-recruit), participants who did not respond at the fourth wave but did participate in the third wave (non-responder T4) and of participants who had dropped out from TRAILS prior to the fourth wave (drop-out since T2 or T3)

From: Benefits of extensive recruitment effort persist during follow-ups and are consistent across age group and survey method. The TRAILS study

     T4-easy-to-recruit (ref.)    T4-hard-to-recruit    Non-responder T4    Drop-out since T2 or T3
  Mean ( SD ) Mean ( SD ) OR 95% CI Mean ( SD ) OR 95% CI Mean ( SD ) OR 95% CI
T1 Sociometric Characteristics
Peer acceptance 29 (15) 27 (17) 0.88 0.72-1.08 26 (16) 0.80 0.60-1.06 27 (16) 0.87 0.71-1.07
Peer rejection 11 (12) 15 (15) 1.29* 1.07-1.56 18 (16) 1.50* 1.19-1.88 16 (16) 1.35* 1.13-1.63
Bullying 05 (07) 07 (09) 1.35* 1.13-1.62 10 (13) 1.56* 1.27-1.93 08 (11) 1.39* 1.16-1.66
Victimization 04 (07) 04 (08) 1.05 0.86-1.28 05 (08) 1.16 0.93-1.37 05 (10) 1.15 0.97-1.37
Helping 22 (14) 19 (14) 0.79* 0.64-0.98 18 (12) 0.75 0.55-1.01 22 (15) 0.97 0.79-1.18
T2 Sociometric Characteristics
Peer acceptance 21 (12) 22 (14) 1.13 0.93-1.38 27 (14) 1.61* 1.25-2.06 20 (13) 0.97 0.75-1.25
Peer rejection 11 (13) 13 (18) 1.15 0.95-1.39 12 (14) 1.09 0.83-1.45 17 (15) 1.44* 1.19-1.75
Bullying 02 (04) 03 (08) 1.45* 1.19-1.76 05 (11) 1.64* 1.32-2.03 05 (09) 1.66* 1.37-2.02
Victimization 02 (05) 03 (08) 1.26* 1.06-1.50 05 (09) 1.48* 1.22-1.79 03 (06) 1.21 0.97-1.50
Helping 25 (13) 22 (14) 0.76* 0.61-0.94 27 (13) 1.18 0.90-1.54 20 (10) 0.68* 0.52-0.89
  1. *p < .05; *p < .05; Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) from single multinomial logistic regression analyses, variables standardized in regression analyses; n = 1,065 (T1 sociometrics) and 1,007 (T2 sociometrics). Sociometric status is given in percentages, which were standardized for regression analyses.