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Table 4 Comparison Scores of HBICA and Subscales between Non-Clinical ( n= 6,633) and Clinical ( n= 326) Sample

From: Development and psychometric properties of the health-risk behavior inventory for Chinese adolescents

Scale Student sample M ± SD Clinical sample M ± SD t Cohen d
(1) AV 4.47 ± 3.99 12.65 ± 7.74 34.18** 1.93
(2) RB 3.17 ± 2.66 11.72 ± 5.80 52.16** 2.96
(3) US 0.25 ± 1.06 2.03 ± 3.09 25.58** 1.45
(4) SS 1.43 ± 2.63 3.59 ± 4.24 13.94** 0.79
(5) SU 1.86 ± 3.12 9.28 ± 5.98 39.45** 2.24
(6) HBICA Total 11.18 ± 9.84 39.27 ± 20.54 46.75** 2.65
  1. Note: AV = Aggression and Violence, RB = Rule Breaking, US = Unprotected Sex, SS = Suicide and Self-Injurious,
  2. SU = Substance Use, HBICA = Health-Risk Behavior Inventory for Chinese Adolescents.
  3. **p < .01 (2-tailed).