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Table 13 Association between sponsor and conclusion on reported outcome: Growth parameters

From: Association between funding source, methodological quality and research outcomes in randomized controlled trials of synbiotics, probiotics and prebiotics added to infant formula: A Systematic Review

Authors conclusion on: Source of funding No conclusion on reported outcome Positive Negative Chi-square p value Fisher’s exact p value
n (%)$$ n (%)$$ n (%)$$
Weight gain N = 56 Industry 23 (41.1%) 14 (25.0%)   0.037# 0.024#
  None/Not clear 10 (17.9%) 1 (1.8%) 1 (1.8%)   
  Non industry 7 (12.5%)     
Length gain N = 40 Industry 18 (45%) 14 (35%)   0.068 0.051
  None/Not clear 6 (15%)     
  Non industry 2 (5)     
Head circumference N = 31 Industry 13 (41.9) 14 (45.2)   0.151 0.232
  None/Not clear 3 (9.7)     
  Non industry 1 (3.2)     
  1. #Significant p < 0.05, $$ Overall percentage.