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Table 16 Association between sponsor and conclusion on reported outcome: Microflora

From: Association between funding source, methodological quality and research outcomes in randomized controlled trials of synbiotics, probiotics and prebiotics added to infant formula: A Systematic Review

Microflora Source of funding No conclusion on reported outcome Positive Negative Neutral Chi-square p value Fisher’s exact p value
n (%)$$ n (%)$$ n (%)$$ n (%)$$
Bifidobacteria N = 30 Industry 7 (23.3) 11 (36.7)    0.249 0.195
  None/Not clear 2 (6.7) 5 (16.7) 1 (3.3) 1 (3.3)   
  Non industry 1 (3.3) 1 (3.3)   1 (3.3)   
Lactobacillus N = 19 Industry 5 (26.3) 4 (21.1)    0.084 0.294
  None/Not clear 3 (15.8) 4 (21.1)   1 (5.3)   
  Non industry 1 (5.3)   1 (5.3)    
Pathogens N = 25 Industry 7 (28) 6 (24)    0.152 0.269
  None/Not clear 4 (16) 5 (20) 1 (4)    
  Non industry 1 (4)   1 (4)    
  1. $$Overall percentage.