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Table 17 Association between sponsor and conclusion on reported outcome: Necrotising Enterocolitis Sepsis and antibiotic use

From: Association between funding source, methodological quality and research outcomes in randomized controlled trials of synbiotics, probiotics and prebiotics added to infant formula: A Systematic Review

  Source of funding No conclusion on reported outcome Positive Negative Pearson’s chi Square Fisher’s exact p value
n (%)$$ n (%)$$ n (%)$$
NEC N = 12 Industry 3 (25)   1 (8.3) 0.511 0.782
  None/Not clear 2 (16.7) 1 (8.3) 1 (8.3)   
  Non industry 2 (16.7) 2 (16.7) 0   
   7 (58.3) 3 (25) 2 (16.7)   
Sepsis N = 10 Industry 2 (20)    0.274 0.500
  None/Not clear 2 (20)   1 (10)   
  Non industry 5 (50)     
Antibiotic use N = 16 Industry 4 (25) 3 (18.8)   0.093 0.141
  None/Not clear 4 (25)     
  Non industry 5 (31.3)     
  1. $$ Overall percentage.