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Table 7 Association between Sponsor and clinical outcomes: Growth

From: Association between funding source, methodological quality and research outcomes in randomized controlled trials of synbiotics, probiotics and prebiotics added to infant formula: A Systematic Review

   Assessment of outcome   
Growth Source of funding Positive* Neutral* Chi-square p value Fisher’s exact p value
   n (%)$$ n (%)$$   
Weight gain N = 56 Industry 2 (3.6) 35 (62.5) 0.309 0.266
  None/Not clear 2 (3.6) 10 (17.9)   
  Non industry 0 7 (12.5)   
Length gain N = 40 Industry 3 (7.5) 29 (72.5) 0.667 1.00
  None/Not clear   6 (15)   
  Non industry   2 (5)   
Head Circumference N = 31 Industry 4 (12.9) 23 (74.2) 0.712 1.00
  None /Not clear   3 (9.7)   
  Non industry   1 (3.2)   
  1. $$Overall percentage.
  2. *Positive: synbiotic, probiotic or prebiotic supplementation had a statistically significant effect, p < 0.05. There were significant differences between study groups (in favour of experimental group).
  3. *Neutral: synbiotic, probiotic or prebiotic supplementation did not have a statistically significant effect, p > 0.05, No significant differences between study groups.