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Table 4 New concepts from the secondary thematic analysis

From: “Best fit” framework synthesis: refining the method

Concepts derived for coding


Employees’ expectations of employees



The necessity for employers to comply with formal regulations regarding the law on smoking bans or restrictions


The non-legal responsibilities of employers regarding smoking restrictions or cessation. These might concern either protection for non-smokers or help for smokers


Employees’ experience regarding whether or not legal or other regulations are actually enforced

Intervention preferences


Ease and convenience

The accessibility both of the self-help materials and other types of support, such as counselling or groups

Alternatives* and cost

The provision of, and problems associated with such alternatives, such as cost

Co-worker support

The use of co-workers within the intervention, just as peer support, support groups, and the institutional encouragement of interventions creating a shared experience

  1. *Alternatives also existed as an a priori theme but was refined and extended as a result of the analysis.