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Table 5 Comparison of responses among basic scientists, clinicians and clinician-scientists

From: Views on the peer review system of biomedical journals: an online survey of academics from high-ranking universities

  Basic scientists Clinicians Clinicians scientists  
  Rare /infrequent Sometimes Frequent/all the time Rare/infrequent Sometimes Frequent/all the time Rare/infrequent Sometimes Frequent/all the time p value
  N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)  
Undesirable experiences           
Personal attacks 442 (78.9) 100 (17.9) 18 (3.2) 439 (85.1) 74 (14.3) 3 (0.6) 197 (74.6) 61 (23.1) 6 (2.3) 0.001**
Breach of confidentiality 499 (89.1) 56 (10.0) 5 (0.9) 484 (93.8) 28 (5.4) 4 (0.8) 217 (82.2) 42 (15.9) 5 (1.9) <0.001**
Unauthorised use of articles’ information after rejection of articles 485 (86.6) 71 (12.7) 4 (0.7) 458 (88.8) 50 (9.7) 8 (1.6) 206 (78.0) 53 (20.1) 5 (1.9) 0.001**
Imposition of unnecessary references 363 (64.8) 154 (27.5) 43 (7.7) 389 (74.5) 99 (19.2) 28 (5.4) 154 (58.3) 85 (32.2) 25 (9.5) <0.001**
  Strongly disagree/Disagree Neutral Strongly agree/Agree Strongly disagree/Disagree Neutral Strongly agree/Agree Strongly disagree/Disagree Neutral Strongly agree/Agree p value
  N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)  
Journal peer review is:           
fair 137 (24.5) 166 (29.6) 257 (45.9) 97 (18.1) 137 (26.6) 282 (54.7) 70 (26.5) 84 (31.8) 110 (41.7) 0.004**
transparent 250 (44.6) 176 (31.4) 134 (23.9) 225 (43.6) 152 (29.5) 139 (26.9) 135 (51.1) 65 (24.6) 64 (24.2) 0.2
scientific 117 (20.9) 167 (29.8) 276 (49.3) 119 (23.1) 152 (29.5) 245 (47.5) 68 (25.8) 80 (30.3) 116 (43.9) 0.6
free from interference 283 (50.5) 179 (32.0 98 (17.5) 228 (44.2) 167 (32.4) 121 (23.4) 148 (56.1) 80 (30.3) 36 (13.6) 0.004**
Anonymity of authors 138 (24.6) 115 (20.5) 307 (54.8) 89 (17.2) 99 (19.2) 328 (63.6) 69 (26.1) 50 (18.9) 145 (54.9) 0.009**
Appeal system in every journal 93 (16.6) 100 (17.9) 367 (65.5) 74 (14.3) 95 (18.4) 347 (67.2) 31 (11.7) 40 (15.2) 193 (73.1) 0.2
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01.