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Table 4 Comparisons of outcome measures associated with HIV by each type of recruitment. Outcome measures showing significant differences by Fisher’s Exact test are indicated in bold font

From: Understanding recruitment: outcomes associated with alternate methods for seed selection in respondent driven sampling

  Arm 1 recruits   Arm 2 seeds   Arm 2 recruits  
  HIV   HIV   HIV  
  Negative Positive   Negative Positive   Negative Positive  
  (n = 158) (n = 16)   (n = 81) (n = 18)   (n = 223) (n = 12)  
Education          
Graduate or in school 66 (41.8) 6 (37.5)   22 (27.2) 2 (11.1)   83 (37.2) 0 (0.0) **
Dropped out or unsure 92 (58.2) 10 (62.5)   59 (72.8) 16 (88.9)   140 (62.8) 12 (100.0)  
Income          
Full/part-time work 32 (20.3) 1 (6.3)   6 (7.4) 0 (0.0)   36 (16.1) 1 (8.3)  
Support 126 (79.8) 15 (93.8)   75 (92.6) 18 (100.0)   187 (83.9) 11 (91.7)  
Housing          
Private residence 90 (57.0) 6 (37.5)   37 (45.7) 7 (38.9)   137 (61.4) 4 (33.3)  
Public residence 68 (43.0) 10 (62.5)   44 (54.3) 11 (61.1)   86 (38.6) 8 (66.7)  
Gender          
Male 87 (55.1) 10 (62.5)   34 (42.0) 8 (44.4)   125 (56.1) 8 (66.7)  
Female 67 (42.4) 6 (37.5)   47 (58.0) 10 (55.6)   97 (43.5) 4 (33.3)  
Transgender 4 (2.5) 0 (0.00)   0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)   1 (0.5) 0 (0.0)  
Ethnicity          
Caucasian 52 (32.9) 4 (25.0)   6 (7.4) 1 (5.6)   50 (22.4) 1 (8.3)  
Aboriginal 58 (36.7) 9 (56.3)   53 (65.4) 12 (66.7)   125 (56.1) 11 (91.7)  
Metis 38 (24.1) 2 (12.5)   19 (23.5) 4 (22.2)   41 (18.4) 0 (0.0)  
Other/unsure 10 (6.3) 1 (6.3)   3 (3.7) 1 (5.6)   7 (3.1) 0 (0.0)  
Solvent use          
No 109 (69.9) 7 (43.8)   45 (55.6) 7 (38.9)   127 (57.0) 3 (25.0) *
Yes 49 (31.0) 9 (56.3)   36 (44.4) 11 (61.1)   96 (43.1) 9 (75.0)  
IDU          
No 87 (55.1) 5 (31.3)   40 (49.4) 2 (11.1) ** 122 (54.7) 1 (8.3) **
Yes 71 (44.9) 11 (68.8)   41 (50.6) 16 (88.9)   101 (45.3) 11 (91.7)  
Street-involved youth         
No 129 (81.6) 16 (100.0)   68 (84.0) 17 (94.4)   207 (92.8) 12 (100.0)  
Yes 29 (18.4) 0 (0.0)   13 (16.1) 1 (5.6)   16 (7.2) 0 (0.0)  
MSM          
No 147 (93.0) 11 (68.8) ** 78 (96.3) 18 (100.0)   213 (95.5) 12 (100.0)  
Yes 11 (7.0) 5 (31.3)   3 (3.7) 0 (0.0)   10 (4.5) 0 (0.0)  
Sex work          
No 151 (95.6) 14 (87.5)   67 (82.7) 13 (72.2)   190 (85.2) 12 (100.0)  
Yes 7 (4.4) 2 (12.5)   14 (17.3) 5 (27.8)   33 (14.8) 0 (0.0)  
  1. Arm 1 recruits, arm 2 seeds, and arm 2 recruits have each been analyzed separately.
  2. *p < 0.05.
  3. **p < 0.01.