Perturbation diagnostics for a hypothetical data (
= 200) taken from Table
(A: perturbation adjustment for positive confounding; B: perturbation adjustment for negative confounding). The perturbation variables have an
of 0.025 and are dependent of one another through a first-order Markov chain with an odds ratio of 10.0 between successive perturbation variables. Bootstrap was done for a total of 10000 times.