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Table 2 Characteristics of Patients Enrolled or Withdrawn after Consenting

From: Patient recruitment to a randomized clinical trial of behavioral therapy for chronic heart failure

  Enrolled Patients N = 95 Withdrawn Patients N = 39 P-value*
Patient Characteristics
   Age (year)    
   Mean (SD) 70.0 (9.7) 69.8 (9.4) 0.89
   Race
   White 86% 82% 0.65
   No-white (mainly African American) 14% 18%  
Cardiac Systolic Function
   LVEF (%)    
   Mean (SD) 31.2 (7.1) 31.5 (6.7) 0.78
CHF Medication
   ACE-Inhibitors 82% 81% 0.85
   β-Blockers 78% 70% 0.33
Distance between Residence and Study Site (Mile)
Mean (SD) 23.3 (23.6) 17.5 (13.7) 0.09
  1. *: P-value of statistical tests of t-test or chi-square test, comparing patients enrolled vs. withdrawn after consenting.
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