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Table 4 Participants' feedback to the HRA-O questionnaire at the three study sites, according to participants' educational level (low vs. medium/high)

From: Development, feasibility and performance of a health risk appraisal questionnaire for older persons

  London (U.K.) Hamburg (Germany) Solothurn (Switzerland)
  low medium/high low medium/high low medium/high
Comprehension of questions/instructions – % somewhat difficult/very difficult 8.9% (57/642) 7.5% (32/426) 7.9% (11/140) 3.8% (23/601) 17.1% (54/316) 8.8% (31/352)**
Completion of questionnaire – % somewhat difficult/very difficult 8.0% (50/626) 6.4% (27/420) 8.5% (11/129) 5.3% (30/563) 15.4% (46/299) 7.0% (23/329)***
Use of assistance for completing questionnaire – % with assistance 13.1% (83/636) 8.5% (36/423)* 17.6% (24/136) 5.5% (32/583)*** 31.4% (100/318) 14.5% (51/351)***
Perceived length of questionnaire – % too long 35.7% (227/636) 28.7% (121/421)* 33.3% (46/138) 27.6% (160/580) 60.3% (190/315) 53.0% (186/351)
Time for completion – min. (± SD) 51.3 ± 46.2 (627) 44.6 ± 34.6 (419)** 65.0 ± 31.6 (131) 60.8 ± 28.2 (576) 78.9 ± 46.9 (297) 75.5 ± 39.3 (330)
Dislike certain sections of questionnaire – % agreeing 4.2% (26/612) 6.8% (28/411) 9.7% (12/124) 7.8% (44/563) 11.5% (33/286) 12.9% (41/317)
Questionnaire should include additional domains – % agreeing 13.4% (79/591) 22.5% (90/400)*** 14.4% (17/118) 20.7% (111/535) 1.8% (5/281) 7.4% (23/311)**
  1. HRA-O: Health Risk Appraisal for Older Persons
  2. Values are percentages (nominator/denominator) or means ± standard deviations (denominator).
  3. Denominators vary due to missing individual answers.
  4. * denotes .01 <= P < .05; ** denotes .001 <= P < .01; *** denotes P < .001; P-values are based on Fisher's exact test (binary variables) and t-test (continuous variables).