Skip to main content

Table 4 Self-reported baseline characteristics of the PRO-AGE study participants, according to site and group assignment

From: The PRO-AGE study: an international randomised controlled study of health risk appraisal for older persons based in general practice

Baseline characteristics London (U.K.) Hamburg (Germany) Solothurn (Switzerland)
  Intervention group Control group Concurrent comparison group Intervention group Control group Concurrent comparison group Intervention group Control group Concurrent comparison group
Age (years) 74.7 ± 6.4 (1240) 74.4 ± 6.2 (1263) 74.9 ± 6.5 (636) 71.9 ± 7.7 (878) 71.8 ± 7.6 (1702) 72.0 ± 8.2 (746) 74.5 ± 5.8 (874) 74.5 ± 6.1 (1410) 74.2 ± 6.0 (1171)
Female gender 55.3% (686/1240) 54.6% (689/1263) 57.5% (366/636) 61.5% (540/878) 63.3% (1077/1702) 68.2%* (509/746) 56.9% (497/874) 56.5% (796/1410) 57.0% (667/1171)
Fair/poor self-perceived health 24.5% (304/1240) 27.2% (343/1263) 27.4% (174/636) 38.6% (339/878) 38.5 (656/1702) 39.5% (295/746) 19.9% (174/874) 24.8% (349/1410) 23.6% (276/1171)
≥1 hospital admission over past 12 months 14.0% (173/1240) 14.6%) (185/1263) 14.2% (90/636) 21.2% (186/878) 21.2% (360/1702) 22.5% (168/746) 19.9% (174/874) 18.5% (261/1410) 17.7% (207/1171)
> 6 doctor visits over past 12 months 19.0% (236/1240) 24.3% (307/1263) 23.4% (149/636) 49.9% (438/878) 49.9% (849/1702) 44.0%* (328/746) 24.0% (210/874) 24.3% (343/1410) 28.7%* (336/1171)
No available caregiver if needed 17.6% (218/1240) 14.8% (187/1263) 19.2% (122/636) 17.8% (156/878) 18.9% (322/1702) 20.0% (149/746) 9.8% (86/874) 11.6% (163/1410) 8.8% (103/1171)
Pra score 0.27 ± 0.11 0.27 ± 0.11 0.27 ± 0.11 0.30 ± 0.11 0.30 ± 0.12 0.29 ± 0.11 0.29 ± 0.104 0.29 ± 0.11 0.30 ± 0.11
Low level of education 59.8% (666/1113) 62.5% (654/1046) 71.9%* (343/477) 18.8% (142/756) 23.5% (300/1277) 25.0%* (135/539) 47.7% (335/702) 43.2% (398/921) 41.9%* (337/804)
Living alone 33.6% (375/1116) 30.9% (324/1047)) 36.4% (174/478) 35.0% (279/798) 37.4% (504/1349) 36.9% (206/559) 31.4% (234/745) 30.6% (299/976) 27.1% (229/845)
Three or more self-reported chronic conditions 33.3% (365/1095) 31.2% (324/1039) 39.0%* (183/469) 52.3% (399/763) 53.3% (691/1296) 52.3% (287/549) 39.5% (285/722) 39.6% (364/920) 42.6% (344/808)
Townsend score 1.1 ± 3.0 (1197) 1.0 ± 3.0 (1247) 4.4 ± 1.6 (635) n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.
  1. PRO-AGE: PRevention in Older people – Assessment in GEneralists' practices
  2. n.a. denotes not available.
  3. Values are percentages (nominator/denominator) or means ± standard deviations (denominator).
  4. Statistically significant differences (bivariate analyses, P < 0.05) between intervention and concurrent comparison group are marked with an asterisk.
  5. Pra score (Probability of repeated admissions): higher scores denote higher risk for hospital admission.
  6. Townsend score: higher scores denote higher social deprivation.