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Table 4 Definitions

From: Conducting a meta-ethnography of qualitative literature: Lessons learnt

Term Definition
1st order construct Constructs that reflect participants' understandings, as reported in the included studies (usually found in the results section of an article).
2nd order construct Interpretations of participants' understandings made by authors of these studies (and usually found in the discussion and conclusion section of an article).
3rd order construct The synthesis of both first and second order constructs into a new model or theory about a phenomenon
Reciprocal translation The comparison of themes across papers and an attempt to "match" themes from one paper with themes from another, ensuring that a key theme captures similar themes from different papers
Line of argument synthesis The development of a new model, theory or understanding by synthesising and interpreting first and second order themes found in the text.