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Table 1 Summarising pitfalls and recommendations

From: Using reflexivity to enhance in-depth interviewing skills for the clinician researcher

Common pitfalls during interviews Techniques to overcome inadequacies
Insider researcher assumptions and shared conceptual blindness with participants.
Clinician discipline about time, which can lead to:
Reflexivity to understand possible effects of the interviewer's clinical background on control, assumptions, and interpretation of findings.
   • excessive control of the interview Reciprocity including willingness to share personal details to enhance the interview.
   • inappropriate summary interpretation or paraphrasing  
   • inadequate probing for feelings and meanings