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Table 2 Probability of verification used in the simulations for each decile of the diagnostic test result

From: Statistical methods to correct for verification bias in diagnostic studies are inadequate when there are few false negatives: a simulation study

Decile of diagnostic test result Probability of having the gold standard result (%)
  10% verified 30% verified 60% verified
Probabilities of verification likely to be encountered in a screening study
1 0.6% 3.0% 16.0%
2 0.9% 4.9% 23.9%
3 1.5% 7.8% 34.2%
4 2.5% 12.2% 46.1%
5 4.1% 18.7% 58.5%
6 6.5% 27.5% 69.9%
7 10.3% 38.5% 79.3%
8 15.9% 50.7% 86.3%
9 23.8% 62.9% 91.2%
10 34.0% 73.7% 94.5%
Probabilities of verification were adjusted such that false negatives were more (less) likely to be present for 10% (60%) verified
1 6.4% -- 0.0%
2 7.0% -- 0.0%
3 7.7% -- 0.1%
4 8.5% -- 7.6%
5 9.3% -- 92.4%
6 10.2% -- 99.9%
7 11.1% -- 100.0%
8 12.1% -- 100.0%
9 13.2% -- 100.0%
10 14.4% -- 100.0%