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Table 4 Criteria for the presence of sex-specific evidence relevant to clinical questions in primary research papers

From: Locating sex-specific evidence on clinical questions in MEDLINE: a search filter for use on OvidSP™

Statements in title or abstract concerning:
Men (boys)
Women (girls)
Differences between the sexes
(Evaluation of) Independent effect of sex/gender on the relationship under study
(Evaluation of) Sex/gender as predictor for the outcome of the study
(Evaluation of) Sex/gender as an effect modifier of the relationship under study
When the above-mentioned statements in title or abstract are absent:
Screening full text for statements regarding methods of analysis:
Comparison between the sexes
Comparison between groups of a single sex
Stratification by sex or subgroup analysis by sex
Evaluation of sex/gender as effect modifier
Evaluation of the independent effect of sex/gender on the relationship under study
Evaluation of sex/gender as an independent predictor for the study outcome
Statements regarding methods must be followed by a report about the outcome of this particular analysis.
Screening full text for statements regarding reporting of results:
Presentation of separate risk estimates for men (boys) and women (girls)
Presentation estimating the differences between (groups within) the sexes
Outcome of a subgroup analysis by sex