Skip to main content

Table 2 Unadjusted and adjusted comparisons between patient-reports and proxy-reports in health and functional limitations

From: Differences in proxy-reported and patient-reported outcomes: assessing health and functional status among medicare beneficiaries

  Unadjusted analysis   Adjusted analysis  
  Patient-report (n = 76,115) Proxy-report (n = 8,822) RR (95 % CI)   Patient-report (n = 7,780) Proxy-report (n = 7,780) RR (95 % CI)  
  % %    % %   
Physical status         
ADL         
 Bathing/showering 9.80 33.15 3.38 (3.26, 3.51) * 13.60 31.61 2.32 (2.18, 2.47) *
 Dressing 6.45 26.32 4.08 (3.90, 4.26) * 9.75 25.08 2.57 (2.38, 2.78) *
 Eating 2.16 11.36 5.25 (4.87, 5.66) * 3.48 10.76 3.10 (2.71, 3.53) *
 Get in/out of bed/chair 13.22 26.30 1.99 (1.91, 2.07) * 18.10 25.48 1.41 (1.33, 1.49) *
 Walking 26.69 39.79 1.49 (1.45, 1.53) * 33.59 38.86 1.16 (1.11, 1.20) *
 Using the toilet 4.62 18.67 4.04 (3.83, 4.27) * 6.48 17.67 2.73 (2.48, 3.00) *
IADL         
 Telephone 5.50 33.41 6.08 (5.83, 6.34) * 8.66 32.00 3.70 (3.42, 3.99) *
 Doing light housework 12.58 37.91 3.01 (2.91, 3.12) * 18.66 36.50 1.96 (1.85, 2.06) *
 Doing heavy housework 36.53 58.22 1.59 (1.56, 1.63) * 44.31 57.00 1.28 (1.24, 1.32) *
 Preparing meals 9.38 44.91 4.79 (4.63, 4.95) * 15.44 43.14 2.79 (2.63, 2.96) *
 Shopping 14.20 51.02 3.59 (3.50, 3.69) * 21.28 49.38 2.32 (2.21, 2.43) *
 Managing money 6.73 55.39 8.24 (7.97, 8.51) * 14.12 54.11 3.83 (3.62, 4.06) *
Mobility         
 Stooping/crouching/kneeling 72.52 71.72 0.99 (0.98, 1.00)   73.72 71.60 0.97 (0.95, 0.99) *
 Lifting/carrying 10 pounds 37.98 54.69 1.44 (1.41, 1.47) * 45.70 53.90 1.18 (1.14, 1.22) *
 Extending arms above shoulder 27.73 41.75 1.51 (1.47, 1.55) * 32.60 41.18 1.26 (1.21, 1.32) *
 Writing/handling object 26.82 41.14 1.53 (1.49, 1.58) * 31.41 40.28 1.28 (1.23, 1.34) *
 Walking 1/4 mile or 2–3 blocks 48.88 62.42 1.28 (1.25, 1.30) * 56.57 61.55 1.09 (1.06, 1.12) *
Affective status         
 Depressed 61.37 67.84 1.11 (1.09, 1.12) * 65.76 67.87 1.03 (1.01, 1.05) *
 Losing interest 14.23 23.46 1.65 (1.58, 1.72) * 20.79 23.31 1.12 (1.06, 1.19) *
Cognitive status         
 Memory loss 10.91 36.74 3.37 (3.25, 3.48) * 18.09 35.52 1.96 (1.86, 2.07) *
 Decision making 7.10 40.65 5.72 (5.52, 5.94) * 13.76 39.29 2.85 (2.69, 3.03) *
 Concentrating 15.18 46.45 3.06 (2.97, 3.15) * 25.08 45.17 1.80 (1.72, 1.88) *
Social status         
 Social activities 35.14 54.20 1.54 (1.51, 1.58) * 44.82 53.79 1.20 (1.16, 1.24) *
Sensory status         
 Seeing 31.22 35.40 1.13 (1.10, 1.17) * 34.44 34.91 1.01 (0.97, 1.06)  
 Hearing 36.83 39.23 1.07 (1.04, 1.10) * 36.41 39.57 1.09 (1.05, 1.13) *
 Eating solid foods 14.87 21.32 1.43 (1.37, 1.50) * 20.02 21.09 1.05 (0.99, 1.12)  
  1. RR: Relative risk; CI: Confidence interval; ADL: Activities of daily living; IADL: Instrumental activities of daily living; *: Significant at 0.05 level