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Table 3 Prevalence estimates, odds ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) comparing the ‘any phone sample’ to the ‘original HH sample’

From: Potential use of telephone surveys for non-communicable disease surveillance in developing countries: evidence from a national household survey in Lebanon

NCD and public health indicators Prevalence (%) in original HH sample (A) Prevalence (%) in any phone sample (C) uORa 95 % CI aORa 95 % CI Age-sex adjusted prevalence (%) in any phone sample
Behaviors        
Current cigarette smoking 34.7 34.7 1.00 0.89–1.11 0.95 0.85–1.07 34.8
Current water pipe smoking 25.0 25.5 1.06 0.93–1.21 1.05 0.92–1.19 24.3
Binge drinking in past 30 daysb 11.7 13.3 1.63* 1.31–2.02 1.48* 1.18–1.85 12.5
Health Conditions        
High Blood Pressure 14.0 13.4 0.89 0.76–1.03 0.85 0.72–1.01 15.3
Diabetes 6.4 6.8 1.26* 1.01–1.58 1.25 0.99–1.56 7.7
Hyperlipidemia 13.3 14.2 1.23* 1.04–1.46 1.27* 1.06–1.51 15.7
Cardiovascular disease 7.0 7.2 1.10 0.88–1.37 1.07 0.83–1.38 8.3
Asthma 6.1 6.0 0.94 0.75–1.18 0.94 0.75–1.19 6.0
Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) 24.4 24.3 0.95 0.83–1.07 0.95 0.83–1.08 25.6
Disability 1.8 1.7 0.84 0.60–1.18 0.78 0.54–1.12 1.9
Self-Rated Healthc 32.0 33.1 1.23* 1.09–1.39 1.16* 1.02–1.32 31.6
  1. auOR: unadjusted odds ratios comparing ‘any phone sample’ to total household population sample; aOR: odds ratios adjusted for age and sex
  2. bBinge drinking is defined as consuming five or more drinks (male) or four or more drinks (female) at least once in past 30 days
  3. cvery good and better versus good and worse
  4. *Asterisk indicate statistically significant results (p value < critical alpha of 0.05)