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Table 1 Number of Cochrane plain language summaries adhering to the PLEACS standards

From: Cochrane plain language summaries are highly heterogeneous with low adherence to the standards

  PLEACS items N (%) of PLS adhering to the PLEACS itema
1 Title of systematic review restated in plain language 1105 (64)
2 Number of PLSs within recommended word count (400-700) 404 (23)
3 Technical terms and jargon absent 748 (43)
4 PLS structured 626 (36)
5 If structured, subtitles as recommended 217 (35)
6 If not structured as recommended, how many of the 5 recommended subtitles are missing? 1 missing: 141 (34)
2 missing: 90 (22)
3 missing: 47 (10)
4 missing: 40 (10)
5 missing: 94 (23)
7 Search date indicated Month and year: 992 (57)
Year only: 20 (11)
8 Details of search strategy absent 1718 (99)
9 Population details provided 236 (15)
10 Number of studies indicated 1429 (91)
11 Number of participants indicated 1201 (77)
12 Complex statistical data absent 1527 (98)
13 Quality of the studies addressed 875 (56)
14 GRADE system mentioned 11 (0.7)
  1. aItems 1–4 and 7–8 calculated for all included PLSs (N = 1738), items 9–14 for those that were not empty (N = 1562). Item five was calculated only for structured PLSs (N = 626) and item six for PLSs not structured as recommended (N = 409)