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Table 4 Characteristics of stakeholders within each sampling method group attending first orientation session and three sessions

From: Comparing two sampling methods to engage hard-to-reach communities in research priority setting

  Attending first orientation session Attending all three sessions
Characteristic Snowball sampling stakeholders Purposive plus convenience sampling stakeholders P Valuea Snowball sampling stakeholders Purposive plus convenience sampling stakeholders P Valuea
N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
Stakeholders 52 (100 %) 36 (100 %) - 36 (100 %) 28 (100 %) -
Age, mean ± SD (years) 58 ± 11.62 59 ± 8.73 0.646c 59 ± 10.27 59 ± 8.73 >0.999c
Gender
 Female 37 (71) 26 (72) 0.913 27 (75) 22 (79) 0.74
 Male 15 (29) 10 (28)   9 (25) 6 (21)  
Race/Ethnicity
 Hispanic 47 (90) 27 (75) 0.052 32 (89) 21 (75) 0.144
 Non-Hispanic White 5 (10) 9 (25)   4 (11) 7 (25)  
Education
 Less than high school 16 (31) 5 (13) 0.131 12 (33) 5 (18) 0.199
 High School or GED 25 (48) 16 (44)   18 (50) 12 (43)  
 Post High School 6 (12) 8 (22)   3 (8) 6 (21)  
 College Graduate 5 (10) 7 (19)   3 (8) 5 (18)  
Employment Status
 Employed 16 (31) 21 (58) 0.0002 10 (28) 16 (57) 0.006
 Disability 25 (48) 2 (6)   16 (44) 2 (7)  
 Retired 7 (13) 11 (30)   6 (17) 8 (29)  
 Unemployed 4 (8) 2 (6)   4 (11) 2 (7)  
Occupation 16 (100 %) 21 (100 %)   10 (100 %) 16 (100 %)  
 Administrative 1 (6.25) 1 (5) 0.706b 0 (0) 1 (6) 0.45b
 Agriculture 1 (6.25) 2 (10)   1 (10) 1 (6)  
 Business 2 (12.5) 7 (33)   1 (10) 6 (38)  
 Domestic Labor 3 (18.75) 3 (14)   0 (0) 2 (13)  
 Education 2 (12.5) 2 (10)   2 (20) 2 (13)  
 Government 3 (18.75) 1 (5)   3 (30) 1 (6)  
 Healthcare 2 (12.5) 1 (5)   2 (20) 1 (6)  
 Manual Labor 2 (12.5) 2 (10)   1 (10) 2 (13)  
 Self-employed 0 (0) 2 (10)   0 (0) 0 (0)  
Primary Language
 English 43 (83) 32 (89) 0.421 34 (94) 27 (96) 0.71
 Spanish 9 (17) 4 (11)   2 (6) 1 (4)  
  1. aChi-Square test
  2. bFisher’s Exact test
  3. cTwo independent sample t test with unequal variances assumption