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Table 3 Questions to ask when appraising an implementation research or practice initiative for inclusion of sex and gender considerations

From: Why sex and gender matter in implementation research

• Has the systematic review of the effectiveness of implementation interventions considered evidence related to sex and gender?
• Has the literature review and analysis of the know-do-gap considered gender roles, gender identity, gender relations, institutionalized gender?
• Does the monitoring and evaluation plan for the intervention collect data on sex, gender and diverse factors, and include a strategy for assessing and mitigating inequitable outcomes?
• Has the assessment of barriers and facilitators of the use of evidence-informed practices, programs, policies considered gender roles, gender identity, gender relations, institutionalized gender?
• Has the process by which local or targeted adaptation of the evidence-informed practices, programs, policies considered cultural contexts of gender roles, gender identity, gender relations, institutionalized gender?
• Has the implementation intervention been tailored to address sex, gender or other identity or diversity-related characteristics identified in the barriers assessment?
• Has knowledge use (uptake of the practice, program, policy) been reported by sex, gender, and other population characteristics such as age, socioeconomic status etc?
• Have health outcomes (impact of adopting the practice, program, policy) been reported by sex, gender, and other population characteristics?
• Has the impact of unintended consequences of implementation been reported by sex, gender, and other population characteristics?