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Table 2 Factor loadings of the items in the ABC measure based on EFA for each individual subscale (the loadings in bold are advocated as the final structure of the EFA)

From: Measurement properties of the Danish version of the Awareness and Beliefs about Cancer (ABC) measure

Subscale and items Factor loadings
Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 4 Factor 5 Factor 6 Factor 7 Factor 8
Anticipated patient interval for healthcare seeking
 Q5. A persistent cough 0.641        
 Q6. Rectal bleeding 0.581        
 Q7. Any breast changesa 0.609        
 Q8. Abdominal bloating 0.646        
Awareness of cancer symptoms
 Q9. Unexplained lump or swelling   0.575       
 Q10. Persistent unexplained pain   0.610       
 Q11. Unexplained bleeding   0.594       
 Q12. Persistent cough or hoarseness   0.713       
 Q13. Change in bowel or bladder habits   0.637       
 Q14. Persistent difficulty in swallowing   0.696       
 Q15. Change in the appearance of a mole   0.605       
 Q16. Sore that does not heal   0.572       
 Q17. Unexplained night sweats   0.515       
 Q18. Unexplained weight loss   0.713       
 Q19. Unexplained tiredness   0.702       
Anticipated barriers for healthcare seeking
 Q24. I would be too embarrassed    0.874      
 Q25. I would be worried about what the doctor might find    0.630      
 Q26. I would be worried about wasting the doctor’s time    0.379      
 Q27. I am too busy to make time to go to the doctor    0.402      
Beliefs about cancer
 Q28. People with cancer can expect to continue with normal activities     0.605     
 Q29. Most cancer treatment is worse than the cancer itself      0.410    
 Q30. Not want to know if I have cancer      0.533    
 Q31. Cancer can often be cured     0.708     
 Q32. Going to the doctor as quickly as possible could increase the chances of surviving     0.431     
 Q33. A diagnosis of cancer is a death sentence     0.451 (0.312)    
Beliefs about breast cancer screeninga
 QM3. So worried about what might be found at breast cancer screening, that I would prefer not to do it       0.628   
 QM4. Breast cancer screening is only necessary if I have symptoms       0.911   
 QM5. Breast cancer screening could reduce my chances of dying from breast cancer       0.465   
Beliefs about bowel cancer screening
 QM6. So worried about what might be found at bowel cancer screening, that I would prefer not to do it        0.643  
 QM7. Bowel cancer screening is only necessary if I have symptoms        0.570  
 QM8. Bowel cancer screening could reduce my chances of dying from bowel cancer        0.400  
Awareness of risk factors for cancer
 QN1. Smoking         0.670
 QN2. Exposure to passive smoking         0.574
 QN3. Drinking more than 1 unit of alcohol a day         0.521
 QN4. Eating less than 5 portions of fruit and vegetables a day         0.535
 QN5. Eating red or processed meat once a day or more         0.483
 QN6. Being obese         0.537
 QN7. Getting sunburnt more than once as a child         0.442
 QN8. Being over 70 years old         0.428
 QN9. Having a close relative with cancer         0.349
 QN10. Infection with HPV, Human Papillomavirus         0.468
 QN11. Not doing much physical activity         0.583
 QN12. Using a solarium         0.439
 QN13. Exposure to ionising radiation from, for example, radioactive materials, x-rays or radon         0.406
  1. aOnly answered by women
  2. Factor 1: RMSEA: 0.154; CFI: 0.937; TLI: 0.812
  3. Factor 2: RMSEA: 0.025; CFI: 0.983; TLI: 0.978
  4. Factor 3: RMSEA: 0.028; CFI: 0.991; TLI: 0.974
  5. Factor 4/5: RMSEA: 0.012; CFI: 0.999; TLI: 0.995 (two-factor model)
  6. Factor 6: RMSEA: 0.000; CFI: 1.000; TLI: 1.000
  7. Factor 7: RMSEA: 0.000; CFI: 1.000; TLI: 1.000
  8. Factor 8: RMSEA: 0.075; CFI: 0.857; TLI: 0.829