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Table 2 Affective change category overall and by hypothesized correlate or predictor

From: Changes in affect after completing a mailed survey about trauma: two pre- and post-test studies in former disability applicants for posttraumatic stress disorder

Affective Change Category Overall By Hypothesized Correlate or Predictor
PTSD Screen Positive Persistent SMI Combat Exposure Military Sexual Assault
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
Valence (Sadness/Happiness)
 GWESt Men
  Sadder 29.3 32.7 15.8* NA NA 39.6 18.0** 22.2 29.7
  No Change 48.2 43.8 65.8 NA NA 42.6 53.9 44.4 48.4
  Happier 22.5 23.5 18.4 NA NA 17.8 28.1 33.3 22.0
 IMPROVe Men
  Sadder 31.1 33.6 24.9 29.8 31.2 31.3 26.7 29.4 31.1
  No Change 52.2 50.1 57.1 54.4 51.9 51.6 60.0 50.0 52.3
  Happier 16.8 16.3 18.0 15.8 17.0 17.1 13.3 20.6 16.6
 IMPROVe Women
  Sadder 41.8 46.9 33.7*** 40.2 42.2 41.5 41.9 44.8 33.3**
  No Change 45.3 40.4 53.1 43.1 46.0 43.0 46.2 43.5 50.2
  Happier 12.9 12.7 13.2 16.7 11.8 15.5 11.9 11.7 16.5
Arousal (Tenseness/Calmness)
 GWESt Men
  Tenser 35.4 39.6 18.4* NA NA 40.2 30.3 22.2 36.1
  No change 40.6 35.7 60.5 NA NA 37.3 44.9 33.3 41.0
  Calmer 24.0 24.7 21.1 NA NA 22.5 24.7 44.4 23.0
 IMPROVe Men
  Tenser 31.7 34.7 24.3* 31.6 31.7 31.7 31.1 26.5 32.0
  No change 48.2 46.5 52.4 49.1 48.0 48.2 48.9 52.9 47.9
  Calmer 20.1 18.8 23.3 19.3 20.2 20.1 20.0 20.6 20.1
 IMPROVe Women
  Tenser 40.2 43.5 34.8* 38.7 40.5 36.4 41.6 44.2 28.8***
  No change 42.6 39.6 47.2 42.6 42.6 44.6 41.8 40.9 47.3
  Calmer 17.3 16.8 18.0 18.6 16.9 19.0 16.6 14.9 23.9
  1. PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder, SMI serious mental illness, GWESt Gulf War I Era Veterans study, IMPROVe Interviews to Measure PTSD Recovery of Veterans study, NA not available. Bold face font signifies statistically significant association between change in affective state post-survey and the hypothesized correlate or predictor. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  2. Results Reported as Percentages (%)