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Table 3 Magnitude of affective change post-survey overall and by hypothesized correlates or predictors

From: Changes in affect after completing a mailed survey about trauma: two pre- and post-test studies in former disability applicants for posttraumatic stress disorder

Affect Overall Hypothesized Correlates or Predictors
PTSD Screen Positive Persistent SMI by Chart Combat Exposure History Military Sexual Assault History
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
Valence (Sadness/Happiness)
 GWESt Men 0.1 (1.4) 0.3 (1.4) −0.1 (1.4) NA NA 0.4 (1.4) −0.2 (1.4) −0.6 (1.6) 0.2 (1.4)
 IMPROVe Men 0.3 (1.3) 0.3 (1.2) 0.1 (1.3) 0.3 (1.5) 0.3 (1.3) 0.3 (1.3) 0.2 (1.3) 0.2 (1.0) 0.3 (1.3)
 IMPROVe women 0.6 (1.4) 0.6 (1.4) 0.3 (1.3)*** 0.5 (1.5) 0.6 (1.3) 0.5 (1.5) 0.6 (1.3) 0.7 (1.4) 0.3 (1.4)***
Arousal (Tenseness/Calmness)
 GWESt Men 0.3 (1.7) 0.5 (1.7) 0.0 (1.5) NA NA 0.5 (1.7) 0.4 (1.9) −0.6 (2.0) 0.4 (1.6)
 IMPROVe Men 0.3 (1.4) 0.4 (1.4) 0.1 (1.5)* 0.3 (1.5) 0.3 (1.4) 0.3 (1.4) 0.4 (1.3) 0.2 (1.4) 0.3 (1.4)
 IMPROVe women 0.5 (1.6) 0.5 (1.7) 0.4 (1.4) 0.4 (1.9) 0.5 (1.5) 0.2 (1.6) 0.5 (1.6)* 0.6 (1.6) 0.2 (1.5)***
  1. PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder, SMI serious mental illness, GWESt Gulf War I Era Veterans study, IMPROVe Interviews to Measure PTSD Recovery of Veterans study, NA not available, Bold face font signifies statistically significant difference between those with and without the hypothesized correlate or predictor. *p < 0.05, ***p < 0.001
  2. Results reported as Mean Score Change and Standard Deviation (SD)