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Table 1 Assessment Measures

From: Methodological and clinical implications of a three-in-one Russian doll design for tracking health trajectories and improving health and function through innovative exercise treatments in adults with disability


Selected Measures & Tests



Height, Weight, Waist Circumference, BMI, Body Composition (DXA)

 Health Biomarkers

Blood Pressure, Fasting Glucose, Lipids, Insulin

Physical Function


Grip Strength, Biodex™ Closed Chain Push/Pull (upper body), Biodex™ Knee Flexion/Extension


Biodex™ Balance Limits of Stability, Timed Up and Go*, Repeated Chair Standsa

 Cardiorespiratory Function

Submaximal VO2


Walking Velocity (GaitRite® Mat)a

Self-Report Measures


PROMIS Questionnairesb

3-Item Loneliness Scale

Nutrition Self-Efficacy

Physical Exercise Self-Efficacy

Godin Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire

Lakeshore Facility Utilizationc

  1. aTests that require standing/walking are only performed with ambulatory participants
  2. bPatient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System – pain intensity, pain interference, fatigue, anxiety, depression, physical function with mobility aid, ability to participate in social role and activities, sleep disturbance
  3. cQuestionnaire developed specifically for Lakeshore Foundation