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Table 3 Validity of the VA diagnosis on cause of death

From: Validation of verbal autopsy methods using hospital medical records: a case study in Vietnam

Underlying cause of death

ICD code

True positive

True negative

Cases diagnosed from MRs

Cases diagnosed from VA

Sensitivity, (95% CI)

Specificity, (95% CI)

PPV, (95% CI)

Cancer

1. Lung cancer

C34

8

108

8

8

100

100

100

2. Liver cancer

C22

6

108

6

8

100

98 (96-100)

75 (45-100)

3. Colon and rectum cancers

C18-C21

4

112

4

4

100

100

100

4. Mouth and oropharynx cancers

C00-C14

3

112

4

3

75 (33- 100)

100

100

5. Oesophagus cancer

C15

3

113

3

3

100

100

100

6. Stomach cancer

C16

2

114

2

2

100

100

100

7. Pancreas cancer

C25

2

114

2

2

100

100

100

Cadiovascular diseases

8. Stroke

I60-I69

14

89

18

23

78 (59-97)

91 (85-97)

61 (41-81)

9. Ischaemic heart disease (IHD)

I20-I25

3

105

9

5

33 (3-64)

98 (96-100)

60 (17-100)

Other non-communicable diseases and external causes

10. Diabetes mellitus

E10-E14

2

106

5

7

40 (0-83)

95 (92-99)

29 (0-62)

11. Cirrhosis of liver

K70, K74

2

110

5

3

40 (0-83)

99 (97-100)

67 (13-100)

12. Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD)

J40-J44

1

109

7

1

14 (0-40)

100

100

13. Road traffic Injury

V01-V04, V06, V09-V80, V87, V89, V99

4

112

4

4

100

100

100

Communicable diseases

14. HIV/AIDS

B20-B24

2

113

3

2

67 (13-100)

100

100

15. Pneumonia

J12-J18

2

102

6

10

33 (0-71)

93 (88-98)

20 (0-45)

Other causes

 

8

 

30

31

   

Total

 

66

 

116

116