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Table 4 Use and outcome of medical treatments for infertilitya

From: Can men be trusted in population-based surveys to report couples’ medical care for infertility?

  Respondent’s gender P-valueb
Male Female
Treatment(s) used by the couple
 Ovarian stimulation 84% (76–90) 87% (82–91) 0.48
 IVFc 36% (28–45) 31% (25–37) 0.31
 Artificial insemination with husband sperm 28% (21–37) 24% (19–30) 0.41
 Artificial insemination with donor sperm 5% (2–11) 3% (1–6) 0.22
 Surgical intervention 13% (7–24) 13% (9–19) 0.98
 Other treatment 23% (16–32) 22% (17–28) 0.78
First treatment used by the couple 0.77
 Ovarian stimulation 70% (59–79) 73% (67–79)  
 IVFc 5% (2–10) 3% (2–6)  
 Artificial insemination with husband sperm 3% (1–7) 3% (1–8)  
 Artificial insemination with donor sperm 1% (0–7) 0% (n = 0)  
 Other 21% (13–32) 20% (15–26)  
Last treatment used by the coupled 0.68
 Ovarian stimulation 36% (27–45) 44% (37–51)  
 IVFc 24% (17–33) 21% (16–27)  
 Artificial insemination with husband sperm 12% (7–19) 13% (9–18)  
 Artificial insemination with donor sperm 2% (1–9) 2% (1–5)  
 Other 26% (17–37) 20% (15–27)  
Outcome of couple’s treatment(s) 0.75
 Birth 58% (48–67) 59% (52–66)  
 No birth including: 42% (33–52) 41% (34–48)  
 Treatment(s) stopped 29% (21–38) 29% (23–36)  
 Treatment(s) ongoing at time of survey 14% (8–22) 12% (8–17)  
Miscarriage during treatment(s) 24% (17–33) 19% (14–25) 0.32
Treatment experiences of the respondent 0.01
 Very difficult 14% (9–21) 29% (23–35)  
 Difficult 37% (28–47) 38% (31–44)  
 Not difficult 49% (39–59) 34% (27–41)  
Treatment consequences in the respondent’s life
 Disturbances in sexual life 38% (29–48) 44% (37–51) 0.33
 Disturbances in couple’s life 38% (30–48) 45% (38–51) 0.29
 Disturbances in social life 19% (13–27) 29% (23–35) 0.05
 Disturbances in professional life 22% (14–33) 24% (19–30) 0.76
 No disturbance 42% (33–52) 39% (33–46) 0.65
  1. aAmong respondents who had been treated for infertility themselves and/or their partners following a first consultation for infertility dating from 15 years previously or less. All percentages are weighted with 95% confidence intervals in brackets
  2. bP-value of the chi-square test comparing the female and male respondents’ distributions. To take into account the complex sampling design of the Fecond survey, the subpopulation option in Stata® was used for correct calculation of the standard errors of the estimates
  3. cIVF: in vitro fertilization including IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
  4. dIf only one treatment was used, then the last treatment is also the first treatment