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Table 1 The eMERGe meta-ethnography reporting guidance

From: Improving reporting of meta-ethnography: the eMERGe reporting guidance

No. Criteria Headings Reporting Criteria
Phase 1—Selecting meta-ethnography and getting started
1 Rationale and context for the meta-ethnography Describe the gap in research or knowledge to be filled by the meta-ethnography, and the wider context of the meta-ethnography
2 Aim(s) of the meta-ethnography Describe the meta-ethnography aim(s)
3 Focus of the meta-ethnography Describe the meta-ethnography review question(s) (or objectives)
4 Rationale for using meta-ethnography Explain why meta-ethnography was considered the most appropriate qualitative synthesis methodology
Phase 2—Deciding what is relevant
5 Search strategy Describe the rationale for the literature search strategy
6 Search processes Describe how the literature searching was carried out and by whom
7 Selecting primary studies Describe the process of study screening and selection, and who was involved
8 Outcome of study selection Describe the results of study searches and screening
Phase 3—Reading included studies
9 Reading and data extraction approach Describe the reading and data extraction method and processes
10 Presenting characteristics of included studies Describe characteristics of the included studies
Phase 4—Determining how studies are related
11 Process for determining how studies are related Describe the methods and processes for determining how the included studies are related:
- Which aspects of studies were compared
- How the studies were compared
12 Outcome of relating studies Describe how studies relate to each other
Phase 5—Translating studies into one another
13 Process of translating studies Describe the methods of translation:
- Describe steps taken to preserve the context and meaning of the relationships between concepts within and across studies- Describe how the reciprocal and refutational translations were conducted- Describe how potential alternative interpretations or explanations were considered in the translations
14 Outcome of translation Describe the interpretive findings of the translation.
Phase 6—Synthesizing translations
15 Synthesis process Describe the methods used to develop overarching concepts (“synthesised translations”)Describe how potential alternative interpretations or explanations were considered in the synthesis
16 Outcome of synthesis process Describe the new theory, conceptual framework, model, configuration, or interpretation of data developed from the synthesis
Phase 7—Expressing the synthesis
17 Summary of findings Summarize the main interpretive findings of the translation and synthesis and compare them to existing literature
18 Strengths, limitations, and reflexivity Reflect on and describe the strengths and limitations of the synthesis:
- Methodological aspects—for example, describe how the synthesis findings were influenced by the nature of the included studies and how the meta-ethnography was conducted.- Reflexivity—for example, the impact of the research team on the synthesis findings
19 Recommendations and conclusions Describe the implications of the synthesis