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Table 7 Prevalence of chronic disease in adult population sampled, in total, by gender and by gender and age group

From: Aims, design and preliminary findings of the Hellenic National Nutrition and Health Survey (HNNHS)

Presence of disease/condition Total By gender and age groupa
Total sample By Genderb
N (%)
20–39
N (%)
40–64
N (%)
65+
N (%)
N % M F M F M F M F
Increased cholesterol or triglyceridesc 765 16.7 297*** (15.2) 468 (17.8) 62** (7.8) 48 (4.6) 127 (27.6) 226 (29.5) 103* (39.9) 183 (48.3)
Don’t know 175 3.8         
Hypertension 608 13.3 241 (12.4) 367 (14.0) 21* (2.6) 11 (1.1) 88 (19.1) 124 (16.2) 132* (51.2) 231 (61.0)
47 1.0         
Coronary Heart Disease 69 1.8 53*** (3.4) 16 (0.7) 0 (0) 1 (0.1) 17 (3.7) 1 (0.1) 36*** (14.0) 14 (3.7)
Don’t know 32 0.8         
Angina 36 0.9 19 (1.2) 17 (0.8) 6 (0.8) 4 (0.4) 6 (1.3) 2 (0.3) 7 (2.7) 10 (2.6)
Don’t know 31 0.8         
Myocardial Infarction (Heart attack) 49 1.3 37 (2.4) 12 (0.5) 0 0 16** (3.3) 5 (0.7) 21*** (8.1) 7 (1.9)
Don’t know 13 0.3         
Heart failure 42 1.1 16 (1.0) 26 (1.1) 0 3 (0.3) 2 (0.4) 8 (1.1) 14 (5.0) 15 (4.0)
Don’t know 27 0.7         
Arrhythmia 295 7.7 91** (5.8) 204 (9.0) 21 (2.6) 48 (4.6) 25 (5.4) 71 (9.3) 45 (17.4) 78 (20.6)
Don’t know 42 1.1         
Stroke 41 1.1 18 (1.1) 23 (1.0) 1 (0.1) 2 (0.2) 3 (0.7) 4 (0.5) 14 (5.4) 17 (4.5)
Don’t know 11 0.3         
Cancer 53 1.2 14** (0.7) 39 (1.5) 3 (0.4) 1 (0.1) 3** (0.6) 28 (3.7) 8 (3.1) 10 (2.6)
Don’t know 8 0.2         
Diabetes (Type I & II)d 162 3.6 73 (3.8) 89 (3.4) 3 (0.4) 4 (0.4) 27** (5.9) 21 (2.7) 42 (16.3) 64 (16.9)
Don’t know 24 0.5         
Thyroid (any type of condition)e 629 13.8 93*** (4.8) 536 (20.4) 36*** (4.5) 160 (15.4) 26*** (5.6) 248 (32.4) 24*** (9.3) 113 (29.8)
Don’t know 102 2.2         
Asthma 184 4.0 69 (3.6) 115 (4.4) 40 (5.0) 48 (4.6) 8* (1.7) 37 (4.8) 6 (2.3) 20 (5.3)
Don’t know 16 0.4         
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) 63 1.6 25 (1.6) 38 (1.7) 5 (0.6) 8 (0.8) 9 (2.0) 15 (2.0) 11 (4.3) 15 (4.0)
Don’t know 77 0.6         
Chronic kidney disease 27 0.6 13 (0.7) 14 (0.5) 3 (0.4) 1 (0.1) 2 (0.4) 4 (0.5) 8 (3.1) 9 (2.4)
Don’t know 3 0.1         
Osteoporosisf 206 5.4 13*** (0.8) 193 (8.3) 1 (0.1) 3 (0.3) 4*** (0.9) 95 (12.3) 8*** (3.1) 95 (25.8)
Don’t know 79 2.1         
Arthritis/ Rheumatoid disease 324 7.1 65*** (3.3) 259 (9.9) 9* (1.1) 23 (2.2) 28*** (6.1) 106 (13.9) 28*** (10.8) 128 (33.8)
Don’t know 83 1.8         
Crohn’s disease or Ulcerative colitis 16 0.4 6 (0.3) 10 (0.4) 2 (0.2) 3 (0.3) 1 (0.2) 6 (0.8) 3 (1.2) 1 (0.3)
Don’t know 6 0.1         
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) 317 6.9 53*** (2.7) 264 (10.1) 25*** (3.1) 105 (10.1) 18*** (3.9) 121 (15.8) 9* (3.5) 35 (9.2)
Don’t know 46 1.0         
Depression 180 4.2 42*** (2.3) 138 (5.6) 15 (1.9) 33 (3.2) 12*** (2.6) 62 (8.1) 15 (5.8) 42 (11.1)
Don’t know 63 1.5         
Chronic Stress 495 11.6 128*** (7.1) 367 (14.9) 56*** (7.0) 143 (13.8) 42*** (9.1) 134 (17.5) 25** (9.7) 78 (20.6)
Don’t know 39 0.9         
  1. By gender: % of males or females who reported as having the outcome in question compared to total number of males or females, respectively
  2. By age-group: Number of outcomes reported per gender in each age-group (%)
  3. aTested via chi square test for gender differences by age group
  4. btested via chi square test for gender differences in total sample; *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  5. c3.5% of the sample replied that they do not know for cholesterol; < 1% for hypertension, coronary heart disease, angina, myocardial infarction (0.3), stroke (0.3), heart failure,; arrhythmia (1.1%), diabetes (0.53), 2.2% for any thyroid disease, asthma (0.35%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (0.63%). Kidney failure (0.1%), 2.1% for osteoporosis, 1.8% for arthritis, 0.1% for Crohn’s disease, 1.0% for irritable bowel syndrome, 1.5% for depression, 0.91% for chronic stress
  6. dPrevalence for type I diabetes: 3/4754
  7. e0–19 age group: for thyroid disease: Males (1.6%) and females (3.4%); For asthma: Males (3.5%), Females (2.3%); For chronic stress: Males 1.55%, females 4.3%
  8. fOut of which 13 osteopenia