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Table 6 Observed coverage of the interaction effect between treatment effect and covariate (age) in each of the models, with a nominal coverage of 95% in the presence of high but plausible heterogeneity in the interaction effect

From: A comparison of the statistical performance of different meta-analysis models for the synthesis of subgroup effects from randomized clinical trials

No. of trials Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6 Model 7
6 0.89400 (0.00688) 0.88500 (0.00713) 0.83850 (0.00823) 0.89450 (0.00687) 0.88550 (0.00712) 0.83850 (0.00823) 0.94350 (0.00516)
10 0.92250 (0.00598) 0.92100 (0.00603) 0.88950 (0.00701) 0.92250 (0.00598) 0.92150 (0.00601) 0.88950 (0.00701) 0.95250 (0.00476)
16 0.92850 (0.00576) 0.92600 (0.00585) 0.90800 (0.00646) 0.92900 (0.00574) 0.92700 (0.00582) 0.90800 (0.00646) 0.94900 (0.00492)
20 0.93350 (0.00557) 0.93900 (0.00535) 0.92350 (0.00594) 0.93400 (0.00555) 0.93450 (0.00553) 0.92350 (0.00594) 0.94050 (0.00529)
26 0.94150 (0.00525) 0.94300 (0.00518) 0.93250 (0.00561) 0.94150 (0.00525) 0.94250 (0.00521) 0.93250 (0.00561) 0.95300 (0.00473)
30 0.93150 (0.00565) 0.93300 (0.00559) 0.91750 (0.00615) 0.93150 (0.00565) 0.93400 (0.00555) 0.91750 (0.00615) 0.94900 (0.00492)
40 0.94650 (0.00503) 0.93800 (0.00539) 0.93250 (0.00561) 0.94650 (0.00503) 0.93700 (0.00543) 0.93250 (0.00561) 0.94450 (0.00512)
50 0.94700 (0.00501) 0.94950 (0.00490) 0.93400 (0.00555) 0.94700 (0.00501) 0.94900 (0.00492) 0.93400 (0.00555) 0.95400 (0.00468)
  1. Values in brackets are Monte Carlo standard errors