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Table 2 Parameter values used in different simulation scenarios. The following parameters remained fixed across all scenarios: α0 = 0.3, β0 = 17.480, β2 = 1.335, β3 = 0.493, β4 = 14.007, σ2 = 10.0

From: Assessing causal treatment effect estimation when using large observational datasets

Scenario Parameter Value
Strength of IV
α1 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.8, 1.0
Strength of Confounding
α2 0.0, 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.8
β5 0.0, 1.0, 5.0, 10.0
Causal Treatment Effect
β1 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 5.0
Direct Effect
β6 0.0, 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 1.0