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Table 2 Univariate analysis for mean score of willingness to participate in a clinical study in anesthesia, according to patient characteristics

From: Factors associated with patient willingness to participate in anaesthesia clinical trials: a vignette-based cross-sectional study

Patient characteristicsN (%)Mean score of willingness to participate ± SDP value
Sex
 Male172 (45.3%)63.3 ± 18.20.002*
 Female208 (54.7%)57.1 ± 20.3 
Age (year)
 < 3027 (7.2%)60.0 ± 17.00.222
 30–3952 (13.9%)56.3 ± 20.0 
 40–4951 (13.6%)59.5 ± 24.7 
 50–5965 (17.3%)60.2 ± 17.3) 
 60–6982 (21.9%)60.1 ± 20.9 
 70–7963 (16.8%)63.1 ± 17.5 
 ≥ 8035 (9.3%)59.9 ± 18.3 
Education
 Basic education44 (11.8%)57.4 ± 17.00.63
 Apprenticeship97 (26.1%)62.8 ± 17.8 
 Upper secondary education25 (6.7%)60.0 ± 18.1 
 Short cycle tertiary education72 (19.4%)60.2 ± 18.6 
 Bachelor or higher university degree77 (20.7%)58.1 ± 22.5 
 Other57 (15.3%)59.6 ± 22.7 
Professional activity
 Full-time employment71 (18.9%)60.0 ± 18.10.42
 Part-time employment64 (17.1%)56.1 ± 18.7 
 Working at home16 (4.3%)60.7 ± 22.9 
 Unemployed25 (6.7%)64.7 ± 23.0 
 Student11 (2.9%)61.7 ± 11.5 
 Retired or invalid188 (50.1%)59.9 ± 20.0 
Working in health care
 Yes, medical41 (10.9%)63.1 ± 23.20.38
 Yes, other37 (9.8%)58.3 ± 20.8 
 No299 (79.3%)59.7 ± 19.0 
Chronic disease
 Yes151 (42.5%)60.8 ± 20.70.35
 No204 (57.5%)58.9 ± 19.0 
Taking medication
 Yes258 (68.8%)62.2 ± 19.60.0004
 No117 (31.2%)54.5 ± 19.2 
Past hospitalization
 Yes367 (97.6%)60.3 ± 19.40.25
 No9 (2.4%)52.8 ± 18.6 
  1. *T-test for gender, chronic disease, medication; Wilcoxon test for hospitalization and anesthesia; ANOVA for education; Kruskall Wallis test for professional activity and health sector, Chi-square test for trend for age