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Table 2 Demographic characteristics and summary health variables

From: Implications of sex offender classification on reporting demographic characteristics, health, and criminal careers: results from an Australian jurisdiction

 Total Sample (n = 2106)ChildSO (n = 76)AdultSO (n = 153)Age-PolySO (n = 43)Violent (n = 1269)Other (n = 552)F (df); X2(df)
Sample members (%)3.6%7.3%2.0%60.2%26.2%
Demographic characteristics
 Age at survey M (SD)33.74 (12.25)44.30 (13.58)36.73 (12.93)51.78 (10.93)30.88 (10.72)36.63 (12.44)F(4, 2091) = 73.403***
 Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander30.3%31.6%39.6%25.6%35.5%15.9%X2 = 77.177***
 Less than high school education58.9%67.1%60.7%42.9%61.9%51.6%X2 = 22.646***
 Usually self-employed45.9%44.8%43.3%27.8%52.7%32.1%X2 = 51.188***
 Employed prior to prison50.3%45.3%52.4%52.4%48.9%53.4%X2 = 4.063
 Marital status (single)61.0%39.5%61.6%35.7%65.4%55.5%X2 = 43.101***
 Any children57.8%72.7%62.6%32.4%54.4%65.0%X2 = 31.254***
 1st time in prison36.7%69.9%37.7%59.5%32.8%38.9%X2 = 53.022***
 # of prior imprisonments M (SD)3.18 (3.04)1.89 (1.86)3.54 (3.31)2.17 (2.83)3.30 (3.14)3.05 (2.82)F(4, 2014) = 5.722***
Juvenile history
 Parent sent to prison117.1%19.6%10.9%2.8%20.4%9.7%X2 = 26.981***
 Ever placed in care21.5%27.0%21.3%7.1%25.5%12.5%X2 = 44.687***
 Juvenile detention37.5%17.8%34.7%11.9%44.3%27.4%X2 = 71.019***
 Age at 1st juvenile detention M (SD)14.08 (2.08)13.46 (2.99)14.34 (2.43)12.80 (3.03)14.05 (2.05)14.35 (1.94)F(4, 602) = 1.267
 # times in juvenile detention M (SD)4.50 (6.36)5.31 (7.84)3.61 (3.94)5.40 (5.77)4.82 (6.82)2.94 (3.47)F(4, 572) = 1.726
Summary self-reported health
 Any intravenous drug use68.0%57.7%48.8%14.3%73.3%63.1%X2 = 48.870***
 Mental health issue(s)38.6%51.3%33.8%39.5%43.5%26.8%X2 = 51.942***
 Sexually transmissible infection(s)41.2%45.6%46.4%32.4%38.5%47.1%X2 = 11.349*
Number of chronic conditions:
 None35.4%21.1%29.9%14.0%38.6%33.3% 
 One23.3%15.8%20.1%16.3%24.7%22.5% 
 Two15.3%2.6%18.2%11.6%14.9%17.4% 
 Three8.7%10.5%7.8%7.0%8.0%10.3% 
 Four or more17.3%50.0%24.0%51.2%13.8%16.5%X2 = 122.675***
 SF-12 rating: Fair/poor26.3%34.7%25.9%38.1%24.8%27.7%X2 = 10.769
  1. Note: The information in this table is based the self-reported survey data. The sample size in this table reflect the number of participants who were able to be coded on each item. Some responses could not be coded because of the amount and quality of the information. The sample sizes ranged from ChildSOs: 30–77; AdultSOs: 52–160; Age-PolySOs: 23–43; Violent: 451–1269; Other: 194–552
  2. 1 Data from 2001 and 2009 surveys
  3.  *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001