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Table 3 Criminal career parameters in adulthood

From: Implications of sex offender classification on reporting demographic characteristics, health, and criminal careers: results from an Australian jurisdiction

 Total Sample (n = 2106)ChildSO (n = 76)AdultSO (n = 153)Age-PolySO (n = 43)Violent (n = 1269)Non-violent (n = 552)F (df); X2(df)
Any Offending
 Age at first charge26.31 (11.80)35.04 (15.38)29.48 (12.61)42.16 (12.16)23.11 (11.74)31.16 (11.74)F(4, 1836) = 81.484***
 Frequency13.91 (15.70)9.32 (13.23)9.62 (12.01)8.77 (6.79)17.46 (17.27)7.96 (10.39)F(4, 2096) = 45.259***
 Variety1.75 (.57)1.84 (.85)2.36 (.80)1.70 (.80)1.88 (.37)1.27 (.45)F(4, 2096) = 234.302***
Non-violent crimes
 Participation (%)87.2%51.3%75.3%44.2%86.6%100%X2(4) = 259.045***
 Age at first charge26.37 (11.52)31.95 (15.81)29.72 (13.11)43.21 (13.75)23.39 (9.68)31.79 (11.83)F(4, 1713) = 66.368***
 Frequency13.13 (14.23)12.13 (14.66)8.89 (10.77)7.36 (7.14)16.39 (15.38)7.98 (10.39)F(4, 1726) = 37.366***
 Specialization78.37 (21.81)50.60 (23.61)55.47 (19.98)48.72 (23.72)70.36 (18.26)100 (0)F(4, 1690) = 427.631***
Violent crimes
 Participation (%)266.8%32.9%61.0%25.6%100%X2(3) = 810.027***
 Age at first charge25.67 (10.35)26.79 (11.44)28.40 (10.5)39.45 (11.18)25.29 (10.20)F(4, 1249) = 9.426***
 Frequency3.63 (3.48)1.16 (2.33)1.64 (2.59)44 (1.12)4.13 (3.48)F(4, 1538) = 55.443***
 Specialization36.74 (32.21)6.93 (12.99)12.05 (15.06)3.77 (8.56)42.72 (31.96)F(4, 1510) = 95.967***
Sexual crimes
Participation (%)313.0%100%100%100%
Age at first charge 39.00 (16.04)33.74 (12.40)47.84 (11.23)F(2, 194) = 17.193 ***
Frequency2.84 (2.89)2.93 (2.81)1.94 (1.57)5.91 (4.27)F(4, 269) = 41.369***
Specialization59.43 (38.75)70.14 (37.80)48.20 (37.53)80.21 (30.50)F(2, 269) = 17.342***
  1. 1 A total of 13 participants were removed from analyses due to missing information
  2. 2 Given the method of classification, men who had violent offences (without sexual offence) before or at the time of the survey were classified as violent
  3. 3 Given the method of classification, men who had a sexual offence before or at the time of the survey were classified as sex offenders
  4. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001