Skip to main content

Table 2 Pooled Summary Estimates

From: Psychometric properties of measures of substance use: a systematic review and meta-analysis of reliability, validity and diagnostic test accuracy

Self-Reported
Scale/Measure
Scale Abbreviation Pooled Alpha; 95%CI Pooled Kappa; 95%CI Pooled Sensitivity; 95%CI Pooled Specificity; 95%CI Pooled PPV; 95%CI Pooled NPV; 95%CI
Alcohol Dependence Scale ADS 0.897 0.800 0.993 ID    0.908 0.822 0.955 0.794 0.671 0.879 ID    ID   
Addiction Severity Index ASI 0.837 0.809 0.866 ID    ID    ID    ID    ID   
Addiction Severity Index-Alcohol (alcohol sub-scale) ASI-A 0.773 0.732 0.814 ID    0.833 0.670 0.924 0.792 0.670 0.877 ID    ID   
Addiction Severity Index-Drugs (drugs sub-scale) ASI-D 0.684 0.627 0.742 ID    0.839 0.753 0.899 0.854 0.766 0.913 ID    ID   
The Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test ASSIST 0.854 0.804 0.905 ID    0.834 0.799 0.868 0.726 0.570 0.882 ID    ID   
Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test AUDIT 0.847 0.829 0.865 0.461 0.253 0.669 0.860 0.838 0.879 0.872 0.854 0.888 0.610 0.510 0.710 0.940 0.927 0.953
Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-3 AUDIT-3 NA    ID    0.844 0.800 0.879 0.835 0.750 0.895 0.631 0.491 0.771 0.940 0.902 0.979
Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-C AUDIT-C 0.748 0.695 0.802 0.410 0.386 0.433 0.874 0.843 0.900 0.842 0.811 0.870 0.496 0.390 0.602 0.878 0.834 0.923
Brief Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test B-MAST ID    ID    0.502 0.381 0.622 0.971 0.956 0.981 0.653 0.376 0.930 0.902 0.866 0.937
Cut down, Annoyed, Guilty, Eye-opener CAGE 0.698 0.650 0.747 0.574 0.337 0.811 0.705 0.664 0.742 0.898 0.882 0.913 0.513 0.446 0.581 0.907 0.881 0.932
Composite International Diagnostic Interview, original CIDI NA    0.815 0.610 1.020 ID     ID     ID     ID    
Composite International Diagnostic Interview,version 2.1 CIDI, version 2.1 NA     ID     0.749 0.686 0.812 0.842 0.689 0.995 ID     ID    
Composite International Diagnostic Interview, version 3 CIDI, version 3 NA     ID     0.913 0.816 1.010 0.990 0.985 0.995 0.914 0.871 0.958 0.990 0.985 0.995
Car, Relax, Alone, Forget, Friends, Trouble CRAFFT 0.687 0.639 0.735 ID    0.897 0.837 0.937 0.764 0.675 0.834 0.571 0.343 0.799 0.857 0.449 1.00
Drug Abuse Screen Test DAST 0.937 0.927 0.947 0.832 0.577 1.0 0.847 0.740 0.915 0.844 0.679 0.932 0.510 0.323 0.698 0.946 0.892 0.999
Drug Abuse Screen Test - 10 item DAST-10 0.785 0.678 0.892 ID    0.902 0.748 0.966 0.81 8 0.716 0.889 0.803 0.695 0.910 0.864 0.813 0.914
Drug Use Disorders Identification Test DUDIT 0.922 0.895 0.950 ID    0.932 0.887 0.960 0.789 0.672 0.872 0.606 0.342 0.869 0.915 0.822 1.00
Michigan Alcohol Screening Test MAST 0.822 0.780 0.863 0.693 0.578 0.808 0.705 0.583 0.804 0.853 0.774 0.908 0.507 0.302 0.713 0.878 0.816 0.940
Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers POSIT 0.857 0.730 0.984 0.881 0.817 0.945 0.842 0.722 0.962 0.823 0.745 0.902 ID    ID   
Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test SAAST 0.889 0.791 0.987 ID    0.522 0.331 0.714 0.825 0.755 0.896 0.320 0.219 0.422 0.917 0.890 0.945
Semi-Structured Assessment for Drug Dependence and Alcoholism SSADDA ID    0.837 0.767 0.907 ID    ID    ID    ID   
Severity of Dependence SDS 0.855 0.780 0.931 ID    0.830 0.759 0.901 0.837 0.782 0.892 0.897 0.856 0.937 0.826 0.761 0.891
Tolerance-Annoyance Cut Down Eye Opener TACE 0.495 0.466 0.524 ID    0.827 0.737 0.918 0.722 0.651 0.793 0.349 0.245 0.453 0.867 0.622 1.0
Timeline Followback TLFB NA    0.857 0.807 0.907 0.798 0.725 0.872 0.965 0.945 0.986 ID    ID   
Tolerance, Worried, Eye-Opener, Amnesia, Cut down TWEAK 0.619 0.551 0.688 ID    0.850 0.797 0.890 0.864 0.820 0.898 0.434 0.263 0.606 0.880 0.704 1.0
The Chemical Use, Abuse, and Dependence CUAD 0.962 0.940 0.983 ID    ID    ID    ID    ID   
Biomarkers Abbreviation Pooled Alpha; 95%CI Pooled Kappa; 95%CI Pooled Sensitivity; 95%CI Pooled Specificity; 95%CI Pooled PPV; 95%CI Pooled NPV; 95%CI
% Carbohydrate deficient transferrin %CDT NA     NA    0.565 0.471 0.654 0.913 0.884 0.936 0.580 0.377 0.783 0.850 0.782 0.918
Alanine transaminase ALT NA    NA    0.316 0.239 0.403 0.882 0.830 0.920 0.372 0.183 0.560 0.632 0.417 0.846
Aspartate transaminase AST NA    NA    0.476 0.400 0.552 0.865 0.814 0.903 0.420 0.273 0.567 0.693 0.554 0.833
Aspartate transaminase, Alanine transaminase ratio AST/ALT NA    NA    0.340 0.220 0.460 0.728 0.519 0.937 ID    ID   
Blood alcohol concentration BAC NA    NA    0.638 0.589 0.686 0.795 0.719 0.871 0.596 0.145 1.0 0.687 0.518 0.856
Carbohydrate deficient transferrin CDT NA    NA    0.585 0.425 0.728 0.959 0.932 0.976 0.853 0.740 0.966 0.790 0.727 0.854
CDTech CDTech NA    NA    0.537 0.450 0.622 0.895 0.876 0.911 0.518 0.367 0.669 0.795 0.614 0.975
Carbohydrate deficient transferrin + Mean corpuscular volume CDT + MCV NA    NA    0.742 0.599 0.884 0.928 0.908 0.947 0.741 0.509 0.974 0.917 0.826 1.00
Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase GGT NA    NA    0.571 0.502 0.638 0.827 0.782 0.865 0.430 0.351 0.509 0.819 0.701 0.937
Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase + Mean corpuscular volume GGT + MCV NA    NA    0.641 0.377 0.840 0.870 0.759 0.935 0.470 0.275 0.664 0.880 0.813 0.948
Ethyl glucuronide EtG NA    NA    0.825 0.606 0.936 0.953 0.896 0.979 0.614 0.389 0.840 0.857 0.779 0.935
Mean corpuscular volume MCV NA    NA    0.390 0.330 0.453 0.905 0.878 0.927 0.476 0.362 0.589 0.794 0.728 0.860
Phosphatidylethanol PEth NA    NA    0.871 0.787 0.956 0.939 0.905 0.973 ID    ID   
  1. Note: For biomarker measures, alpha is not calculated, therefore this estimate is not applicable (NA). Measures with less than 2 studies have ID for meta-analyses (ID)